Civil War

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The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 in the United States. It was one of the earliest industrial wars. The Civil War remains to be the most deadly war in American history, as well. There has been much debate about the causes of the Civil War. Slavery was the main cause of increasing political strain in the 1850s. The slavery issue was mainly about whether the system of slavery was an obsolete evil that was unacceptable with Republicanism in the United States, or a state-based possessions structure protected by the Constitution. Those against slavery argued to stop the expansion of slavery, which would ultimately put an end to it. However, the Southern states who owned slaves thought this denied some of their Constitutional rights. The matter of slavery escalated during the 1850s, even after comprises in 1820 and 1850. Causes include debate of acknowledging Missouri as a slave state in 1820, the acquirement of Texas as a slave state in 1845 and the status of slavery in western territories, won as a result of the Mexican-American War and the resulting Compromise of 1850. The North tried to eliminate slavery from dominated territories in the Wilmot Proviso after the United States’ triumph over Mexico, but the attempt failed in the Senate. The disagreements over slavery ended the Whig and Know Nothing political parties. It also caused the Democratic Party between the North and South to split, while the new Republican Party fought to end the expansion of slavery. Supporters were sent into Kansas by Abolitionists and proslavery elements in an attempt to settle the issue regarding the expansion of slavery. In the 1850s, Kansas was admitted as a slave state through fraudulent voting after a war by Presid... ... middle of paper ... ...pation Proclamation did not make this same exception. The Emancipation Proclamation proved to be a monumental step during the Civil War. Lincoln was afraid, however, that his proclamation could by annuled by the courts. Therefore, Lincoln used his reelection triumph in 1864 to endorse a constitutional amendment that would end slavery everywhere in the nation. As a result, the Thirteenth Amendment was passed and adopted on January 31, 1865. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865. He died on April 15 from the gun shot. John Wilkes Booth attacked Lincoln while he was attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theatre. The assassination took place five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, ending the American Civil War.

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