Sir Thomas Wyatt was the most successful sonneteer among early Tudor poets, and was, with Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, a seminal influence. Tottel's Miscellany (1557) was the first and most popular of many collections of experimental poetry by different, often anonymous, hands. A common goal of these poets was to make English as flexible a poetic instrument as Italian. Among the more prominent of this group were Thomas Churchyard, George Gascoigne, and Edward de Vere, earl of Oxford. An ambitious and influential work was A Mirror for Magistrates (1559), a historical verse narrative by several poets that updated the medieval view of history and the morals to be drawn from it.
Also influencing American literature at the time of the romantic movement was the high level of immigration the United States was facing. Many new cultures and customs flooded into the states and literature, being the social sponge that it is, absorbed much of the content. This included much of the romantic writings of Europeans and a new view and hope towards life that an overwhelming amount of immigrants possessed. Another influential piece to the romantic movement puzzle was religious exploration. Authors were fascinated by the idea of t... ... middle of paper ... ... Thoreau took the traditional essay and brought romance and passion into its paragraphs, like many other authors in the romantic movement.
Hence, romantic forms of expression in poetry and prose continued to dominate English literature throughout much of the century. The attention of many writers was directed to the growth of the English democracy, education, materiallism, religion, science and the theory of evolution. The Oxford Movement caused corruption during the Victorian age. The Tractarians insisted that the Anglican Church was Catholic, not Protestant and they wanted to establish independence from the rising middle class. The movement began under the leadership of John Keble and Paul Newman.
Through his powerful usage of the English language in Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare was able to bring tears, laughter, and anger to his audience by portraying the story of the human struggle against the forces of fate, emotion, and misfortune. Much of Shakespeare’s influence on his audience came from his expertise on literary devices, on appealing to both the educated classes and the ordinary classes, and on knowing the human emotions and pursuits with great knowledge. Therefore, Shakespeare was successful as a dramatist from his time and on forever. First, Shakespeare was the master of the literary devices. In Romeo and Juliet, the three main literary devices most commonly used were imageries, metaphors, and foreshadows.
The Influence of Voltaire’s Philosophical Works on the French Revolution The philosophical works of Voltaire, such as Candide, influenced the beginning of the French Revolution, promoting new ideas and concepts. Voltaire used both wit and sarcasm to prove his points against injustice and cruelty. Voltaire was exiled to England for many years, and while there, he became influenced by the English government systems, associated himself with Sir Isaac Newton, John Locke, and Sir Francis Bacon. Voltaire wrote many well known works, but Candide is the most widely read and considered to have the most profound impact on the French Revolution. In Candide, Voltaire uses his character Pangloss to imitate the extreme ways of Alexander Pope, another philosopher before the French Revolution.
The Church of England had formed in an attempt to improve upon the way of life offered by the Catholic Church. In reality it was no better and “By law everybody was supposed to belong to the Church of England” (Lambert 1). When Charles I took the throne, everything became increasingly worse. Not only were people facing persecution from their peers in matters of religion, but the government was also oppressing these people. A specific example of this were the English Civil Wars.
This meant that lay people could now read the bible, understand it and make their own judgement upon the Catholic beliefs. This was important to the reformation as it not only bought ... ... middle of paper ... ...centralised government, Maximilian was not successful in doing so. This was partly due to other estates, which did not want to weaken their own power by strengthening his. Indeed, the territorial estates claimed to have responsibility for their subject's interests and defended their rights and privileges. By 1560 Europe had dramatically and fundamentally changed, the renaissance had a tremendous impact upon the way in which men thought and challenged beliefs.
In England, John Jewel's dialogues with Dr. Harding on the subject of imagery, drawing very much on Calvin's arguments, were published in 1565 and again in 1611. During the English Reformation, the churches and monasteries of England were also stripped of their images by some Protestant objectors. It is clear that iconoclasm was an issue not only for elite churchmen--it also captured the hearts and minds of the general population, who were the audience of Shakespeare's theater. The problem of the image is traced, by many Protestant theologians, to several major scriptural conflicts. The first important reference is God's pronouncement in Genesis: "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness" (Gen.
Shakespeare’s poems are the monument of a remarkable genius but they are also the monuments of a remarkable age. The greatness of Shakespeare’s achievement was largely made possible by the work of his immediate predecessors, Sidney and Spenser. Shakespeare’s sonnets are intensely personal and are records of his hopes and fears, love and friendships, infatuations and disillusions that in turn acquire a universal quality through their intensity. The vogue of the sonnet in the Elizabethan age was brief but was very intense. Sir Thomas Wyatt and The Earl of Surrey brought the Petrarchan sonnet to England and with that an admiration for lyrical poetry.
/ .‘Divorces are made in Heaven . . .’ Is Wilde’s presentation of marriage in The Importance of Being Earnest intended to be serious criticism or light-hearted fun? Oscar Wilde is the brilliant dramatist of the Victorian age in England. Akin to Shakespeare, Dickens and many others who worked in this field, his talent was unique in terms of self-expressions through different literary styles.