Because Christians do not believe humans made themselves or occurred "naturally," we do not believe we are free to do whatever su... ... middle of paper ... ...? Our own ethics must be built on revealed truth. Over time the Church has spoken out on moral issues. Each teaching of the Church is built on some more basic ethical truth. Each of these truths is built ultimately on the Ten Commandments, which originated with God Himself.
Secularised ethics can be defined as “The basic principles of right action, especially with reference to a particular person, profession etc.” Christian ethics however cannot be as simply defined. Ethical values of Christians cannot be reduced to a set of rules that can be easily followed and obeyed. A definition that gives an idea of Christian Ethics can be given in this form, “Christian Ethics is fundamentally a matter of participating in the unfolding drama of God’s creative and redemptive purposes for the world. Put otherwise, it is a matter of dwelling within the biblical story and of having one’s life shaped and formed by the love, the judgement, and the mercy of God” . To understand the basis of the ethics that Christians live by the Biblical story must be interpreted.
For example, both try to define what is right and wrong; however, they look to different sources to determine the answers to life’s weighty questions. Secular ethics are largely based on philosophy and logic while Christian ethics derive from the Word of God. Those who practice secular ethics put much emphasis upon feelings and desires to define what is moral. This means that individuals define morality. What may be morally correct in one person’s opinion, may not be morally correct to another individual.
By this approach morality is determined by the commands of God and free from objectivity. However, the theory cannot apply to atheist and possess some skeptical results. In “the Euthypro Problem,” Socrates asks, “Is conduct right because the gods command it, or do the gods command it because it is right?” Due Socrates’ question, God’s commands conclude to be arbitrary and His goodness as meaningless. The Euthypro problem also causes believers of this theological conception to choose between the goodness of God and a standard independent of God. To avoid this dilemma, Rachels suggests the Theory of Natural Law in the next section.
The Idea of Morality Cannot Work Without the Existence of God Morality is the set of concepts about wha tis good or bad, right or wrong, in human charater or conduct. God demands that moral judgements are universal and based on religion. However, other schools of thought, e.g. the ideology of Anarchy, claim that if this 'morality made by god' is the case, then 'each person is his own god'. We must first understand how morality 'works' and then see if this method of working is possible without the existence of God.
This idea of Barth is more persuasive because deriving the truth of theology from ontology or anthropology would mean that our knowledge of theology comes from human experience and not from the God himself. We cannot know about the God unless the God reveals it to us through Holy Spirit. Rahner also states that grace is a “constituent part” of our existence. But then Barth correctly states that if we have grace then why do we have to look beyond ourselves to Christ to know about sin and salvation. Barth is also more persuasive about the rejection of the idea of “anonymous Christianity”.
But the certainty at fundamentalism’s core is unwarranted, leading them to wrongfully ignore their oppositions’ own valid opinions and the potential gains that come with them. In the eyes of Christian fundamentalists, their actions are protecting God’s will; they are upholding the laws of the Supreme Being, thus keeping society on the right path. Fundamentalists’ core beliefs “[are] encapsulated under the rubric of ‘the inerrancy of Scripture,” the idea that the Bible is God’s perfect word, the clearest expression of God’s plan for humanity (Marsden). With this comes the concept of Biblical literalism, that “the historical events recorded in the Bible…are accurate,” not parables or allegories—they believe God spoke plainly and clearly, not in confusing metaphors (Creationism Has). By corollary, if the Bible is the literal and inerrant record of God’s plan for humanity, and if God is humanity’s ultimate authority, then humans ought to obey the laws of the Bible.
Discussion of the Belief that Conscience is the Voice of God Works Cited Missing There is much controversy surrounding the origins of the human conscience; some theologians maintain that it is the voice of God, whilst others assert that it is affected by societal influences. It has even been suggested that the conscience's existence is not universal. Indeed, 'the notion of conscience as an internal organ is not found outside Christianity.' Before attempting to identify roots, it is firstly necessary to establish the meaning of 'conscience.' It is generally agreed that it is, in part, an individual's capacity to decide on the moral appropriateness of a particular course of action.
In other words, moral theology is uninterested in the social milieu that dictates the ethical actions of Christians. The failure of moral theology to talk about everyday ethics has an unwholesome effect in the formation of Christian ethics; dogmatic instead of curative. The author, therefore,
This belief that Freud concluded reflects in some of his work and even in his theory: Psychoanalytic Theory. Psychoanalytic theory definitely treats God as an illusion; this is obviously a perspective that is not so biblical or Christian. Some of the concepts in this theory seem helpful when describing the depravity of humanity and giving an explanation of man’s disturbance or confusion, but this theory’s solution is not correct. Psychological health can not be obtained by simply reliving the past. If you look at this theory by using a Christian worldview, freedom does not come from achieving self-awareness… it comes through Christ.