By adopting democratic ideas they might be able to loosen up that tension. Based on recent political and economic reform, China is moving in the direction of democratization. These hopes have largely been quelled by the illegality of a civil society. However, a new challenge to the government is the growing population, the fractured economy and bureaucracy. The main challenge the Chinese government faces is the pressure to continue this rapid growth.
Imagine a world where China is the hegemon and pushes the world order towards a more autocratic world order, both politically and economically. Completely rejecting the old model thus putting a cluster of liberal ideas such as faith in democratization, confidence in free markets, and the acceptability of U.S. military power all being called into question. In my opinion this is a panicked narrative of the scenario. Even with America losing its supremacy, will leave the liberal world order behind, resulting in the growth of economic and security interdependence between nations like China, India, Brazil, Russia. Liberal world order will adapt itself in order to survive.
The U.S. and other nations need to keep policies in tact that enforce mutual respect and interests. The U.S. has to keep a watchful so as not to let China alienate us from the Asian markets and policies with other nations need to respect that. They already know how the U.S. handles its country but no one can be sure how China will be if it supersedes the U.S. as the dominant global power. Any policy should keep in mind that China and the U.S. together can have a great positive effect on the world economy. The two have worked together in the past and both know the consequences of not having each other as mutual partners.
China’s growing political and economical control over the Asia-Pacific region threatens U.S. foreign security. Therefore, the desire for power, and other accompanying issues such as threats to security, and differences in political views, will lead the U.S. and China to engage in future military conflict. A brief background of the international distribution of power will be helpful in understanding the premises of the realist argument. Post-Cold War, the international system functions as an unipolar system, with U.S. as the global hegemony. Mearsheimer defines a hegemon as “a country that is so powerful that it dominates all other states,” with no other state militarily powerful to contest that power.
Any slowdown in economic growth could potentially lead to political instability. Therefore, all available resources are directed to maintaining a healthy pace of economic growth (Yu p. 186). At this point in development, China does not feel that it has the resources to be involved in remote... ... middle of paper ... ... cede to informal discussions on security to prove that China is a responsible international actor and because any refusal might result in China being left out of international decision making. However, except in the nuclear non-proliferation issue, China's new acceptance of multilateralism is based on a calculated tactical adjustment rather than a true fundamental shift in appreciation for multilateralism. China must feel secure in its new place as a global power before any true shift may occur.
With this dramatic rise in China’s economy, it has given rise to a strengthening Chinese military power. Today China is a major player in the affairs of Southeast Asia and the world. China is also becoming more and more aggressive with its territorial desires. I believe that the United States should implement a few long-range steps that could constructively engage China, while also dissuading and deterring it from using force or the threat of force against others. The first long-range step I believe that should be implemented is the creation of an intergovernmental organization that is explicitly created for the affairs of countries in the Pacific Ocean.
For some observers, the combination of economic growth and force improvement signals Beijing's intention to establish regional supremacy. Others acknowledge that the PLA can spoil the United States' interests; however, Beijing's interest in regional stability, and the growing conventional capabilities of other regional powers, they tend to discount a PLA military threat. Chinese secrecy compounds the difficulty. China's armed forces may not be a direct threat to the United States, but are good enough to cause plenty of trouble in their region and will be better in the future. China is one of the few nations to increase its defense spending in the post cold-war world, and is engaged in a major effort to upgrade its weapons capability for a possible quick strike on Taiwan.
Those that are skeptical argue that China will seek to take the throne of US hegemony and therefore international conflict will be unavoidable. However, this essay will argue that there would not be an international conflict as China rises. The essay will support the thesis argument by examining China on various perspectives such as military power, ideological and historical evidence, and economic facts. The military issue is one of the bigger concerns in the global arena because it can be used as a deterrence apparatus against other nation. Even though the military may never be engaged in an actual war, but each country will have to insist on having one; having a military advantage, is therefore a matter of state security.
Liberal school of thought is of the view that by encouraging China’s development, China will eventually adopt Western-style democratic liberalism, greatly limiting the potential for conflict. On the other hand, according to realist school of thought advocates that the United States should adopt an aggressive policy of containment. China’s growing power, it contends, is a major threat to American hegemony. The United States must adopt a multifaceted strategy of strengthening its relationship with the Peoples Republic... ... middle of paper ... ...ne its Communist government and eventually replace it with a democratic one. It also believes the U.S. is a declining superpower that continues to lose political, economic, and military influence around the world.
What is the best strategy for handling the above threats considering the interests and ideology of China? Bearing in mind that the threat of China’s dependency on imports of natural resources has the potential to threaten the official ideology of Confucianism, the real threat is to the interests of the state and the Communist Party of China, because the future of the party and stability of the country is dependent on the continued growth of the Chinese economy. Maintaining the flow of raw materials is the main objective of the PRC because without them the economic engine of the China would be at a stand still, which has the potential to be seen by the people of China as a weakness and flaws in the current governing system. China should continue developing trade relations and international connections because the PRC has been remarkably successful in creating a network of countries who will be loyal in business and political reform. China has has a strategic focus on building relations with nations whom America is not keen on.