China’s One Child Policy

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With more than 1.3 billion people, China has to think about a solution and find ways to deal with its population explosion. In order to have control over population, in 1970, a policy named China’s One Child Policy was introduced. Mingliang argues that, “China, through the one-child policy, has instituted the most aggressive, comprehensive population policy in the world” (1). This policy limits all families in the Republic of China to have only one child, regardless of the sex: however, within this policy there are some exceptions. It is possible to have two children only if the first child is born with a disability, if parents work in a high risk job, if the couple lives in villages, or if the family is a non- Han, otherwise you are allowed to have only one child. In China, if a family denies this policy, it is penalized by the government. According to Bluett, “these families are slapped with heavy fines and raised taxes and they no longer received free health care because defying the One Child Policy is considered a criminal act” (2). This policy is still effective today, and it has changed the life of the Chinese people in so many ways. China’s one child policy should change because with the implementation of this policy, China has faced a significant gender imbalance, as well as violating basic human rights. Consequently, this policy also has its positive side effects, such as reducing poverty and pushing the government to do something more about women’s rights. As a result of the implementation of the policy, China is facing a gender imbalance. Nowadays, Chinese boys greatly outnumber Chinese girls. As Li, Yi, and Zhang illustrate, “the one-child policy resulted in about 7.0 extra boys per 100 girls for the 1991–2005 bi... ... middle of paper ... ...he One Child Policy: China’s Solution." 2004. Web. . Dodge, Patrick Shaou-Whea, and Elizabeth A. Suter. "It's Okay To Have A Girl": Patronymy And China's One Child Policy." Women & Language 31.1 (2008): 13-22. Academic Search Elite. Web. 24 Jan. 2012. Li, Hongbin, Junjian Yi, and Junsen Zhang. "Estimating The Effect Of The One-Child Policy On The Sex Ratio Imbalance In China: Identification Based On The Difference-In- Differences." Demography 48.4 (2011): 1535-1557. Academic Search Elite. Web. 19 Jan. 2012. Yang Mingliang, et al. "China's One-Child Policy And The Care Of Children: An Analysis Of Qualitative And Quantitative Data." Social Forces 79.3 (2001): 913-943. Academic Search Elite. Web. 19 Jan. 2012.

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