China and United States

analytical Essay
2040 words
2040 words

The history of United States-China relations tells a story of distrust, exploitation, naivety, and conflicting viewpoints, but also one of a struggle to bypass those differences. In recent decades, the two nations have been increasingly reliant on one another, but America still cannot overcome many of the divisions established between the U.S. and Maoist China Michael Schaller argues. Though relations became hostile the era following the end of the Second World War, China's diplomatic view of the U.S. and the West had always been quite reserved. China's attitude towards America never deterred it (America) from pursuing its interest within the Far East. During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, America sought to open the Chinese market to expand trade and increase the amount of missionary work within China. From the collapse of the Qing until the end of the "loss of China" in 1949, the U.S. sought to insure that the Chinese market and potential military power remained U.S.-friendly in the post-war era. After Mao's Communist Party of China seized the mainland, the U.S. began to point fingers for the loss of Chang Kai-shek's pro-American state. Tensions eventually cooled in the 1970s with Nixon's outreach to China, ushering in a détente between the powers. In this new stage of relations, America and China sought to forward mutual interests towards the containment of the Soviet bloc.
America began its history with China "from their initial contact in the 1780s" during the twilight years of China's imperial era (4). The aristocracy of the last Chinese dynasty, the Qing, clung desperately to preserve not only China's sovereignty but also its own relevance as the power structure with the region as Western powers s...

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...ew] Bush administration... took to describing China as a 'strategic competitor' or rival" (3).
Throughout history Sino-American, relations have tedious, but there are moments of cooperation between the two powers. A lack of understanding for cultural and political differences has repeatedly led these nations to conflict. America's outlook of China has many times been naive; Americans imagined China the way they wanted not the way it really was. Within China, the struggles of modernization and America's attempts to control the region have caused drastically varied reactions throughout China's history with the United States. Cooperation for mutual benefit has pushed differences into the background several times in Sino-American relations, and the current partnership between the two nations continues to be one of the most important in modern geopolitical history,

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how the history of united states-china relations tells a story of distrust, exploitation, and naivety, but also one of the struggle to bypass those differences.
  • Explains that america began its history with china "from their initial contact in the 1780s" during the twilight years of china's imperial era.
  • Analyzes how the growth of international narcotics trade broke down china's isolation as more chinese became addicts of the opium imported by british merchants.
  • Analyzes how the expansion of the alien religion sparked attacks on missionaries and converts alike, driving the wedge between the chinese and the west.
  • Explains that many americans found it difficult to accept the new wave of chinese immigrants to america. the senate passed the chinese exclusion act in 1882.
  • Explains how the united states sought to ensure its role as a major player in the asian market without having to compete militarily for domination of china.
  • Explains that the chinese were too weak to reverse the tide of foreign domination within their nation. revolutionaries such as sun yat-sen and yuan shihk'ai overthrow the qing regime.
  • Explains that the kmt established a "unified front" against japanese aggression and sent chang kai-shek to the soviet union to protect the nation from japan.
  • Analyzes how the ccp's wartime policy of fighting japanese forces and self-portrayal as a pan-chinese unifier led to tense relations between the two nations.
  • Analyzes how nixon and kissinger campaigned for a "peace with honor" after the vietnam war and tet offensive. china saw the opportunity to improve sino-american relations.
  • Explains that nixon's resignation in 1974 worried chinese officials, who questioned whether his opening to china had provoked it. politics in the u.s. would slow the process of normalizing relations with china.
  • Analyzes how the economic interests of the late twentieth and twenty-first centuries have strengthened the need to maintain a working relationship with the other, yet tension because of geopolitical ambitions tends to put both nations at odds with one another.
  • Analyzes how sino-american relations have been tedious, but there are moments of cooperation between the two powers. america's outlook of china has been naive, and the struggles of modernization and american attempts to control the region have caused drastically varied reactions.
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