China’s long-term goal to transform itself into a major world power presents a fundamental security challenge to the United States. As the world’s only superpower, how should the United States handle China’s rise in a way that avoids the potential for conflict? The fundamental answer to this question lies in the competing liberal and realist theories of international relations. Liberal theory advocates a policy of economic and institutional inclusion with the aim of integrating China into the global economy. Liberal school of thought is of the view that by encouraging China’s development, China will eventually adopt Western-style democratic liberalism, greatly limiting the potential for conflict.
Those that are skeptical argue that China will seek to take the throne of US hegemony and therefore international conflict will be unavoidable. However, this essay will argue that there would not be an international conflict as China rises. The essay will support the thesis argument by examining China on various perspectives such as military power, ideological and historical evidence, and economic facts. The military issue is one of the bigger concerns in the global arena because it can be used as a deterrence apparatus against other nation. Even though the military may never be engaged in an actual war, but each country will have to insist on having one; having a military advantage, is therefore a matter of state security.
The United States way ahead based on the DIME analysis must take military culture, foreign policy, economic policy, and (sometimes more important) ideology into consideration for each level of analysis. To determine a way forward in a relationship with China the United States must first look back on China’s history. The Chinese have a strong hold to their 3300 year plus history and much of their approach to foreign policy is based on that history. History has taught them that Western Powers are only interested in taking territory away from them, or turning their backs on them due to differing viewpoints. An example of that is after the Opium Wars the Western Powers came in and carved up the territory, in what the Chinese saw as punishment.
If China declares war on Taiwan then the United States would declare war on China. Global security relies on the United States for their military force. If China were to oppose the United States they would lose. Since China depends on United States for trade they wouldn’t go to war against them. Global security is not threatened by China’s rise because China and the United States depend on each other.
Osama bin Laden has done Communist China a favor. Because the minds of President Bush and congressional leaders are so concentrated on the war on terrorism, they have all but ignored Beijing's aggressive military buildup. A strong possibility exists that by focusing so closely on Iraq, a focus that is understandable considering how unsettled the situation is, the United States could miss developments that could affect its standing in the rest of the world. Among the many uncertainties of the Asian security environment, none is more compelling than that surrounding the modernization program of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. For some observers, the combination of economic growth and force improvement signals Beijing's intention to establish regional supremacy.
In my opinion this is a relationship that both sides can mutually benefit from however up until this point it has been clouded by great egos and failed policies. This is an extremely important issue to discuss because China is one of the largest nations in terms of billions of people, as well as an upcoming superpower. In the future China will become stronger in terms of production and business, and the USA would be wise not to cause permanent damage by ignoring treaties and past foreign policy. America must remember they cannot change the rules of the game in the middle of playing! America is a democratic nation that values human rights, and in that platform fights a moral war naturally which would put the USA at odds with China on more than one issue.
For example,in Asia region, China and U.S. try to establish organizations such as TPP which U.S. is the main actor in this organization and China try to do bilateral relations especially with economic cooperations. The first problem is how China- U.S. weigh the balance of power between each other. China can rise peacefully or not in Waltzian indicate problem—both of China and U.S.’s intentions obvious reveal many dimension to the world of politics and this caused make many fear of them as the threats. In other hand, President Xi just visited U.S. to cool down the hot political situations. This can infer bipolar as Waltz said but in the ends no one knows and can not predicts what will
In response, Malik claims that India's evolving foreign policy reflects its desire to 'build an arc of strategic partnership with China's key neighbours in Asia Pacific and to help neutralize the growing Chinese military assistance and activity around India and to develop counter-leverages of its own to keep China sober' . Mohan also argues that if both India and regional actors recognize its converging interest against China, then they will inevitably 'generate better conditions for balancing China through the framework for a more sustainable strategic coordination in Asia' . Hence, it seems India is seeking geopolitical partnership with both major and littoral states in multiple directions to serve its security interests because India desire neither China nor the US dominate in the region. This essay will first examine how India's security role exercises diplomatic leverage in Asia-Pacific multilateral organizations, such as, in Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and Association of ... ... middle of paper ... ...d New Delhi to add more depth to the US-India defense engagement for a stable balance of power in Asia '. Also, according to Mishra, such undeterred supports from the US to India is the evidence that the US strategically assists India to bring her into the balance of power politics because India is the only state in the region which has the capability to balance China .
To do this they must have military power as well as economic power. China still wants to be the ‘middle-kingdom’ and the top leaders know this will take giving up short-run concessions in order to gain long-run supremacy. China will be hurt in the short-run by increasing its economic interdependence. The removal of certain tariffs and regulations will open up the Chinese market to outside competition. Government owned companies that were losing money will not survive with out drastic changes.
As a result, scholar officials in power tended to have conservative and moderate ideas, which the people could accept. Nevertheless, intellectuals not in power might have more radical ideas since they regarded the idea of the officialdom were too backward to meet the changing and deteriorating situation. But, they still aimed to making China powerful and strong. Ever since, the ideas of these intellectuals had not change. It was only the time element that had made one idea surfaced after one another since the former had been driven by time to become an anachronism, and the latter had become an appropriate solution to the changing political situation.