From the eighteenth century through the early twentieth century, China and Japan had similar views regarding Western penetration, yet both countries responded in different ways. By subverting colonial powers, both countries had to adjust their traditional cultures, economy, and political structures in order keep up with westernization. In the past, China was always hesitant to foreign occupation and wanted to keep them out as much as possible. During the Qing dynasty, trade was greatly discouraged. China did not keep up with industrialization as much as the Europeans because they believed that their country was already prosperous and productive with its large labor force that produced everything they needed.
Japan and China reacted differently to the reforms of Imperialism. When put under pressure, Japan succumbed to the power of Western Imperialist ideas. Conversely, China, resisted for a long time. As a result, Japan had more technology, while China was unenlightened of the new advances. Japan also gained more respect from other countries, that China did not have.
INTRODUCTION The era of Japanese colonial rule is a dark part of Korea’s history. Korea had been in political turmoil since King Gojong ascended to the throne in 1863. This political instability heightened when Empress Myeongseong, Gojong’s wife, overthrew Heungseon Daewongun’s, Gojong’s father’s, influence. Heungseon Daewongun had been open to foreign relations; Empress Myeongseong had not. Seeing this turbulence as an opportunity, Japan proposed the Ganghwado Treaty, or the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1876.
However, China and Japan’s reactions to the treaties that forced them to open their trading ports for foreigners were very different; China rejected Westernization while Japan accepted it (Lockwood, 1956). China and Japan’s main differences in responding the Western invasion was that Japan accepted Westernization and China did not, which resulted in Japan becoming a modernized nation while China failed to do so. In order for China and Japan to keep their trade to a minimum, but also have a spread of trade goods that they wanted, each nation had opened one port specifically for trade; Guangzhou and Nagasaki, respectively (Fruhstuck, Lecture). Both countries had limited trade with the West and maintained isolation from around the sixteenth century to the late eighteenth century. China opened Guangzhou by the late seventeenth century but the western merchants that landed there had no rights or privileges and were confined to the borders ... ... middle of paper ... ...he West was much more superior in military technology and power.
Finally, the spread of western Christianity and influential neighbors, namely China and Japan, culturally influenced Korea while bringing some semblance of unification. Therefore, imperialism affected 18th and 19th century East Asia by the system’s inherent exploitation of the countries' resources and worldly ignorance but also managed to give rise to a stronger Modern East Asia. The imperial realms of East Asia before the 19th century were largely based on the theory that Asian countries were far better than their neighbors in the West. The nonchalant manner portrayed by East Asian countries towards western technology and culture led China to become unknowledgeable of the Western empires. As a result, China was astonishingly impacted by imperialism from Great Britain during the 1800’s.
During the 19th Century, China and Japan each responded differently to western penetration. China was against industrializing and did not want to create an empire like those of the western empires. Japan however learned that if they wanted to survive they had to adopt the changes that the western empires were adopting. Japan began to create an industrialized society and soon became one of the major industrial powers. China went through many rebellions and finally decided to industrialize just enough to be able to fight off the western empires.
But others didnt like the United States who begin an embargo of aircraft and aircraft parts against Japan which means an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.So as you see United States didnt want nothing to do japan But Japan wasn’t fi... ... middle of paper ... ...ween neighbours. Present Chinese antipathy to Japan has its roots in the brutal Japanese occupation of much of China in the Second World War – a period that has left deep scars on the Chinese psyche.At the end of that war a group of islands, called Senkaku in Japanese and Diaoyu in Chinese, controlled by Japan since 1895, was placed under US administration. In 1972 that arrangement ended and administration passed to Japan. Japan invaded these country because they are a resource-poor country. They wanted resources.
And Japan's navy still consisted of wooden vessels. The United States also realized that it was more powerful than Japan. The letter from President Millard made demands of Japan that couldn't easily be ignored due to the military power of the United States. The demands were trade, at least for a short time on a trial basis, humane treatment of A... ... middle of paper ... ...he eternal aspects of Western civilization while they sought to keep in, their inner life, and those elements that they regarded as being intrinsically Japanese. The Tokugawa dynasty did not recognize this and had tried to distance Japan from the influence of Western civilization.
The Meiji rulers of Japan decided that the internal aggression of Tokugawa rule had to end and with it begun to diminish the problems Japan had in its own land. Unlike its neighbour Korea in terms of natural resources ... ... middle of paper ... ...ing into Korea and creating a safe haven between Russia and the Japanese motherland. Another issue that motivated the Japanese insertion into Korea were the similarities between themselves and their counterparts. Language, culture, religion and national identity were almost identical to those in China so controlling Korea would not have as many logistical complexities. All of these facts point to Japan seeing itself as the regions ‘big brother’, encouraging Asianism.
As the first delegation from Japan who wore the traditional Shogun Samurai dress and shaved pate and long hair tied in a bun and carrying swords unlike their counterparts who wore suits or military uniforms. The west observance of the Japanese must have viewed them as uneducated barbarians. Because of the impression Japan gave the western civilizations it was dealt with little to no respect. The west would show its disrespect in the treaties and trade agreements that favored the western nations. Western assumptions that they had cultural superiority and that the Japanese were not even quasi equal.