Imagine a world where China is the hegemon and pushes the world order towards a more autocratic world order, both politically and economically. Completely rejecting the old model thus putting a cluster of liberal ideas such as faith in democratization, confidence in free markets, and the acceptability of U.S. military power all being called into question. In my opinion this is a panicked narrative of the scenario. Even with America losing its supremacy, will leave the liberal world order behind, resulting in the growth of economic and security interdependence between nations like China, India, Brazil, Russia. Liberal world order will adapt itself in order to survive.
Any slowdown in economic growth could potentially lead to political instability. Therefore, all available resources are directed to maintaining a healthy pace of economic growth (Yu p. 186). At this point in development, China does not feel that it has the resources to be involved in remote... ... middle of paper ... ... cede to informal discussions on security to prove that China is a responsible international actor and because any refusal might result in China being left out of international decision making. However, except in the nuclear non-proliferation issue, China's new acceptance of multilateralism is based on a calculated tactical adjustment rather than a true fundamental shift in appreciation for multilateralism. China must feel secure in its new place as a global power before any true shift may occur.
The research draws from the realism and interdependency theory with an aim of determining external conditions that will favor China’s peaceful rise. The current condition of the world cannot be explained by any perfect theory. However, as much as the realism theory has drastically changed, the sole objective of the realism theory is to explain the interdependence of common goals and interest of mutual interest of nations. After the Cold War, nations in Asia delved in the theory of win-win international relations. As a result, realism explains that nations foster peace so as to pursue mutual goals and mutual interests.
For some observers, the combination of economic growth and force improvement signals Beijing's intention to establish regional supremacy. Others acknowledge that the PLA can spoil the United States' interests; however, Beijing's interest in regional stability, and the growing conventional capabilities of other regional powers, they tend to discount a PLA military threat. Chinese secrecy compounds the difficulty. China's armed forces may not be a direct threat to the United States, but are good enough to cause plenty of trouble in their region and will be better in the future. China is one of the few nations to increase its defense spending in the post cold-war world, and is engaged in a major effort to upgrade its weapons capability for a possible quick strike on Taiwan.
South Korea was able to grow and that would be enough to stifle any political reform. There are other tactics than EPS that other nations would actively pursue. Trade liberalization was a part of China’s economic plan that created immediate growth in the nation. The nation was quick to adopt liberal trade policies but would protect the emerging domestic markets during the 1980s. The... ... middle of paper ... ...ents that consolidate little of their power are unable to directly help business.
Although India rejected all multilateral attempts which can increase the diplomatic power of the US-alliance in the region, India has established bilateral agreement with a large number of state actors in order to engage closer relationship. However, it is important to note that such emerging relationship is not an alliance, but a strategic partnership. Schaffer determines that India is currently aiming at a selective and strategic partnership which 'starting with common interests that both sides can pursue without too much strain and expanding, as both countries develop the habit of working together is more sensible' . Thus, some view India would play a crucial role in balancing China due to rising power rivalry and growing energy complexities. In response, Malik claims that India's evolving foreign policy reflects its desire to 'build an arc of strategic partnership with China's key neighbours in Asia Pacific and to help neutralize the growing Chinese military assistance and activity around India and to develop counter-leverages of its own to keep China sober' .
America has high institutional cooperation with ASEAN Countries on multiple concepts, which China doesn’t. It is obvious that China doesn’t do well on other concept cooperation. For example, on the issue of South China Sea, United States and ASEAN states don’t worry about Chinese military modernization, but they truly pay attrition on the issue that China always keeps the secret of its strategic deployment and its strategic purpose. This is another potential issue to affect the cooperation among China, United States, and ASEAN countries (Yang 2012, 7).
From Waltz, his opinion is the world should be divide to bipolar so, this polar can decrease possibility of war because when two countries hold the great power and can avoid and concerned more about the effect if they make a war. But the main question is How much power is enough to maintain the bipolar? — He answered with defensive realism that state should not seek to be hegemon which is relative with peaceful architecture. Survival of the state is the point of purpose not to seek hegemony.But for China and U.S., the problem is nowadays both are trying to build many cooperations with many countries. For example,in Asia region, China and U.S. try to establish organizations such as TPP which U.S. is the main actor in this organization and China try to do bilateral relations especially with economic cooperations.
China’s long-term goal to transform itself into a major world power presents a fundamental security challenge to the United States. As the world’s only superpower, how should the United States handle China’s rise in a way that avoids the potential for conflict? The fundamental answer to this question lies in the competing liberal and realist theories of international relations. Liberal theory advocates a policy of economic and institutional inclusion with the aim of integrating China into the global economy. Liberal school of thought is of the view that by encouraging China’s development, China will eventually adopt Western-style democratic liberalism, greatly limiting the potential for conflict.
In the political realm china will no longer be totally free from ‘spiritual pollution’ and ideas t... ... middle of paper ... ...they are liable to become dangerous once again. China’s goal is to once again be the ‘middle kingdom’, and they will not hesitate to take extreme measures to regain this glory. They are willing to take a ‘hit’ in the short-run to achieve their long-run goals. The influx of new technology, information, capital, management, and industry will boost China into the 21st century and beyond. This will give them the capabilities to upgrade their internal infrastructure and their military.