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To understand modern China, one must know fifteen terms that will explain how a country made up of mainly peasants grew into the fastest growing economy in the world. China was first an empire led by several different dynasties until the collapse of the final dynasty: The Qing Dynasty in 1911. Several factors and events led to the collapse of this dynasty. One of them was the Opium Wars. This was a set of two wars between Britain and China, and then Britain, France, The United State and China. The war was caused because of the fact that the Chinese only wanted opium from Britain, since they had nothing else to offer, but Britain wanted many different goods from China. China decided to outlaw opium because people began to get addicted and it caused problems with the people, since it was a drug. This resulted in the Opium Wars, where the Chinese were easily defeated, and trade was once again opened up between China and Britain. A similar event to this is still occurring with the United States’ “War on Drugs,” where the U.S is attempting to stop drug trafficking to the U.S from different places in South America and Mexico. It is similar because the Chinese destroyed a ship with opium in it, which instigated a war, and the U.S is constantly attacking drug lords and raiding shipments of drugs across the U.S and South America. Another factor that led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty is the Boxer Rebellion. This was an anti-Christian and anti-foreign movement and took place between 1898-1900 that was started by the “Boxers.” The Boxers were a group of ultranationalist Chinese citizens who did not support the growing foreign spheres of influence in China. They attacked Christians and foreigners all across China, primarily in Shandon... ... middle of paper ... ...omy in the entire world, and improving the standard of living for millions of people. He economically liberalizes China, but does not socially or politically liberalize China. A similar person is P. V. Narasimha Rao who economically liberalizes India and created many economic reforms that create rapid growth in the Indian economy. China’s economy began to open up to foreign investment and the global market in 1978. Several reforms were past that opened up the Chinese economy, such as: the decollectivization of agriculture, opening doors to foreign investment, permission to start businesses, privatization, the listing of price control and protectionist policies. A similar event to this is the economic liberalization in India, where the economy skyrocketed and in 2007 there GDP grew by 9%, making India the second fastest growing economy in the world, second to China.

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