The theme of women is demonstrated through the hardships experienced, ethics and self-worth. In the novel the women experienced hardship in their country. China contained strict ethics under which women abided by. In the beginning of the novel Suyuan-Woo is emphasizing a better life in America for women. Tan said, “On her journey she cooed to the swan: “In America I will have a daughter just like me.
China women were sometimes subject to their father but when they got married they were subjected to obey their husband without and questioning. ?This study considers family development and attitudes toward motherhood in light of changing roles of women in China. The effects of revolutionary events and government policies on marriage and the traditional family are presented based on interviews conducted in China and a review of the literature? (Hare-Mustin and Hare 67-82). I think that women in any culture should have the same role because it seem like China women have no freedom.
Chairman Mao realized that women were one of the oppressed groups in China that could be utilized to increase his control over the country. While women’s rights still have a long way to go, it can definitely be said some of Mao’s polices advanced Chinese women in ways that would have been unimaginable before his rise to leadership. The more relevant questions are regarding Chairman Mao’s intent behind these polices and if they were destined to fail from the start due to the cultural and political climate in 20th century China. It can also be argued that the political activities of Chairman Mao’s Communist China were more of a continuation of traditional Imperial China, based heavily in Confucian values, than a new type of Marxist-Leninist China, based on the Soviet Union as an archetype. While it is unquestionable that a Marxist-Leninist political structure was present in China during this time, Confucian values remained to be reinforced through rituals and were a fundamental part of the Chinese Communist ... ... middle of paper ... ...oist China.” Gender & History 18, No.
Regardless of location, revolutions have always had an effect on women's role in society and on themselves as well. Some Revolutions gave women more opportunities while others restricted them to domestic servants. During the Chinese revolution of 1949, women gained their greater rights and freedoms and joined various branches of the Women's National Salvation League, while education rights were given to city women it didn't spread countryside. In Iran, matters were taken in opposite directions in their revolution of 1979, where women had expected to receive equal opportunities and gender rights none were received. During the revolution and war women were expected to work in place of men in factories, but this arrangement was only seen by the government to be temporary.
Her mother-in-law was to be considered her own new mother and her authority was absolute (Major 107-109). “Her rule could be benevolent but, far more generally, is reported to have been harsh and autocratic in the extreme, leading at times to suicide (Tregear 120). Daughters, whose long-term contribution to their families was limited, were valued much less than sons. Traditional Chinese philosophy was that, “raising daughters is like raising children for another family” (Major 109). After O-lan delivers her first daughter, in the novel The Good Earth, she says to her husband Wang Lung, “It is only a slave this time – not worth mentioning” (Buck 65).
The practice of Foot-Binding entered into Mainstream Chinese culture around the 12th and 13th centuries (Feng 236), a time when the emerging conservative movement and the creation of a new social class system severely lowered the status of women. The restructuring of the social class system was driven by new and increased prosperity and created a new and higher standard of living that was enjoyed by the new upper class of scholars and farmers. The higher standard of living of the once lower stature classes and the emergence of the increased emphasis on a women’s chastity, left women only one clear option, that is to use the one thing that could be under their and their families control, that is their bodies. The foot-binding movement and ultimately the anti-foot-binding movement were vehicles for a female voice and participation in the social and political changes of the day. The foot-binding movement was not a fashion statement nor was it an un-sensibly inhumane to the women of china; the foot-binding process was a process that was viewed, as part of one’s culture and that must be continued.
Paying attention to women’s problems and protecting their rights were important goals of the Communists to ensure that the women would stay enthusiastic for participating in the revolution (Hodes 225). Additionally, establishing and applying laws to protect and liberate women would lead and encourage them to participate in revolutionary war, which would in turn speed up victory of the revolution for the Communists (Hodes 225). 1949 People’s Republic of China Constitution Under the People’s Republic of China Constitution in 1949, women were legally full citizens of China and shared equal rights with men (Datta 50). The All-China Women’s Federation was responsible for reinforcing policies to improve women’s conditions in China (Korabik 1). In this women’s federation, equality of women was enforced within t... ... middle of paper ... ...t Directive No.
As we see such significant change occur in India, we also witness similar changes occurring in China during the times when foot binding was in practice. Instead passively relinquishing control, women in China, like the ones ... ... middle of paper ... ... equal rights broke the mold for how they should act to how they want to act. In the past women were not seen as equals by men and so men essentially took advantage of that. In Arnopoulos’s reading, Saris on Scooters, we see that women were finally breaking away from being controlled by their men. In the past, the idea of a patriarchal society was well accepted, but now these women are no longer taking it lying down.
In a paternalistic society, women were marginalized and cast as subordinates. Confucianism perpetuated this as the practice "largely defined the mainstream discourse on gender in China from the Han Dynasty onward." 5 Obligatory gender roles based on Confucian teachings dictated family values and provided societal stability. Furthermore, the Confucian conception of a virtuous woman ideally mirrored male family members. ... ... middle of paper ... ...o bore male children were fruitful and valuable.
Women's Freedom during China's Revolutionary Period During the revolutionary period in China from 1921 to 1934, although there were undercurrents of an actual feminist movement, according to Kay Ann Johnson in Women, the Family & Peasant Revolution in China, women’s progress resulted more as a necessity of the war than the leadership’s commitment to emancipate women. Furthermore, when tension arose between men and women, the leadership usually appeased men over women. By not discussing the mentality of the political parties and the dynamics of the war, Hughes and Hughes’ critique lacks an explanation of the underlying motives that drove these parties to sometimes support women and other times reject women’s interests. Hughes and Hughes explain that “male educators and members of the KMT now proclaimed Chinese women emancipated” (H&H 237). However, Johnson’s critique paints quite a different and more complex emancipation.