Chilean and Nicaraguan Revolution: The Failure To Consolidate Power

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Revolution – a radical change or replacement of a governmental establishment, political system, or society created by the people who are governed. In the República de Chile (Republic of Chile) and República de Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua), a revolution was supposed to bring a new and fresh outlook onto the country unfortunately, with every plan there are obstacles. In spite of the sizeable differences, the revolutions that occurred in Chile and Nicaragua share common traits of failure to consolidate themselves with their power and rebellion. In Chile, the journey to socialism drew its motivation from the oppressed and for Nicaragua; the incapability to centralize power came from an authoritarian point of view. Despite Chile and Nicaragua’s common traits on handling a revolution, they bring their own favors to the table. Before the 1960s, four thousand six hundred nine miles southeast of Texas, Chile was known as a stable country compared other Latin American countries until 1962, when the Cold War took effect on this enormous country and Chile became a part of the Alliance for Progress. The Alliance for Progress was created to keep socialistic revolutions out of Latin American countries. In the 1960s, the president of Chile, Eduardo Frei was endorsed by the Johnson administration. Frei was required to pass a radical reform but with Chile becoming more industrialized, Labor Unions requested for higher and reasonable wages. In the end, the Labor Unions were not pleased with the wages that they were receiving which, lead to inflation and higher prices for man made items and labor. With an economic change occurring, the Chilean youth adopted a Leftist view and began to protest against the government with the labor unions. Both ... ... middle of paper ... ...(June). http://web.ebscohost.com.uiwtx.idm.oclc.org/ehost/detail?sid=24dd4e38-919d-4b3b-997b-2949505bb667%40sessionmgr10&vid=1&hid=10&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=wdh&AN=9608093974 (November 6, 2011). 11. Smitha, Frank E. 2002. Chile, to the Overthrow of Allende in 1973. Chile, to Chile to 1970 3 (June). http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch24y.htm (November 7, 2011). 12. The Memory of the Bloody Military Overthrow in Chile – September 11th, 1973. The Memory of the Bloody Military Overthrow in Chile (September). http://www.neue-einheit.com/english/is/is2003/is2003-43e.htm (November 4, 2011). 13. Time.com. 1932. “CHILE: Progressive Socialism.” June 20. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,753332,00.html (accessed November 14, 2011) 14. Zimmermann, Matilde. 2000. Sandinista: Carlos Fonseca and the Nicaraguan Revolution. Durham: Duke University Press.

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