Editorial review: Social support and HIV. AIDS Care, 5 (1), pp. 87--104. Leserman, J., Jackson, E. D., Petitto, J. M., Golden, R. N., Silva, S. G., Perkins, D. O., Cai, J., Folds, J. D. & Evans, D. L. (1999). Progression to AIDS: the Effects of Stress, Depressive Symptoms, and Social Support.
Since its discovery over 30 years ago, HIV continues to be public health problem with an estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States alone (5). Even though the yearly number of new diagnoses in the past decade has remained stable (around 50,000), the number of new infections among young persons, especially younger people and black men has increased (1, 2, 5). Most troubling are the estimated 180,000 people (among the 1.1 million living with HIV) unaware of their infection (4). Many of those unaware of their infection remain undiagnosed until they present with AIDS-related conditions (11). Additionally, only 37% of the population aged 18-64 report ever receiving an HIV test, an estimate that varies by state from 23.4% to 66.3% (3).
AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 25(9). Corbie-Smith, G., Akers, A., Blumenthal, C., Council, B., Wynn, M., Muhammad, M., & Stith, D. (2010). Intervention mapping as a participatory approach to developing an HIV prevention intervention in rural African American communities. AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 22(3), 184. Feldacker, C., Emch, M., & Ennett, S. (2010).
South Africa is one of the countries that are part of Sub-Saharan Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS infected people in the world. This region contains 10% of the population of the world and has 60% of HIV/AIDS infected people living in this area (Jacobsen, 2008). By 2007, the amount of people that had died in South Africa that were infected by the virus reached over two million (Gilbert, 2008). Due to the amount of people infected with the virus, the government and medical community of South Africa needed to implement a plan to deal with the epidemic.
Bryan Wambold Dr. Katirai Geo 310 April 1, 2014 Annotated Bibliography Abdool, K. (2010). Hiv/aids in south africa. (2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. This book covers a wide range of subtopics on the issue of HIV and AIDS prevalence in South Africa.
World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hrh/documents/Impact_of_HIV.pdf Wood, E., Montaner, J. S., Chan, K., Tyndall, M. W., Schechter, M. T., Bangsberg, D.,… Hogg, R. S. (2002), Socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy, and survival from HIV-disease since 1996. AIDS, 16, 2065-2072.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) (2013), research has shown that many young people between the ages of 13-29 are not concerned about becoming infected with HIV/AIDS and many of them do not know their HIV status. The CDC (2013) found that 39% of all new HIV infections affected young people between the ages of 13-29. Contraceptive Technology Update (2013) found that studies have shown that the greater the number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) contracted during the teenaged years, the greater the risk of acquiring HIV. Due to the increasing numbers of HIV infections among young people within this age group, more HIV education and screening should be implemented in the inner city of Houston, TX. An HIV/AIDS Awareness and Prevention Program in this city would be targeted to young people between the ages of 13-29.
A Dynamic Social Systems Model for Considering Structural Factos in HIV Prevention and Detection. AIDS Behav, S222–S238. Peltzer, K., Pengpid, S., & Tiembre, I. (2013). Mental health, childhood abuse and HIV sexual risk behavior among university students in Ivory Coast.
Statistics “Worldwide, women account for more than half of all people living with HIV/AIDS. For women aged (15-49), HIV/AIDS was the leading cause of death and disease worldwide in 2009” (amfAr Making Aids History, 2011). Women are two times more likely to acquire HIV from men during sexual intercourse than men from women. “In Sub-Saharan Africa, women account for more than half (59%) of all people living with HIV/AIDS. Among young women aged 15-24, the occurrence rate of HIV is at least three times that of young men” (amfAr Making Aids History, 2011).
The adult prevalence rate of HIV is 20%. While there are limits in extrapolating the general population, it is estimated that 4.2 million people were HIV positive in 1999, compared to approximately 3.6 million in 1998. (www.securethefuture.com). Statement of Need: Understanding who is Affected by AIDS Demographics show that those most affected by AIDS are women and children. African women and children have been particularly hard hit by AIDS.