There have been studies performed to research the effects of obesity on children and adolescents, which I am going to review. First, let me discuss some statistics that have been measured by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Within the past 30 years, the incidence of obesity among children has doubled and the incidence among adolescents has quadrupled ( Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014). Childhood Obesity Facts (2014) reported that in 2012, more than 1/3 of our youth suffered from being obese or overweight . An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise.
(2011, April 21). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/data.html Ebbeling, C. B., Pawlak, D. B., & Ludwig, D. S. (2002). Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet, 360, 473-482. Retrieved from http://www.commercialalert.org/childhoodobesity.pdf Perinatal.
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If a child has two obese parents he’s at a higher risk of thirty percent of being obese than a child with one obese parent. Thirty percent of adult obesity begins with childhood obesity. Genetics contributes between five and forty percent of the risk for obesity. Genetic disorders that increase obesity in children are: Down syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, Alstrὄm syndrome, primary or secondary hypothyroidism, and primary hyperinsulinism. These disorders are responsible for approximately 5% of the obesity in children... ... middle of paper ... ...or, and Sue Y.S.
Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 13(3), 231-253. doi:10.1007/s10567-010-0073-0 Maher, J., Fraser, S., & Lindsay, J. (2010). Between provisioning and consuming? : Children, mothers and 'childhood obesity'. Health Sociology Review, 19(3), 304-316. doi:10.5172/hesr.2010.19.3.304 Mantel, B.
“The nation’s obesity epidemic has become so bad that it has taken over tobacco as the leading cause of preventable diseases” (Gaffney). Health care costs linked to obesity and resulting conditions such as diabetes and heart disease are greater than those related to smoking and excessive drinking (Gaffney). A child between the ages two to nineteen with a body mass index above the ninety-fifth percentile for his/her age, height, and sex by today’s standards are obese (Singhal). This problem is a serious medical condition and can affect many children for years to come. Today in the United States, more than seventeen percent of all children are obese (Marcus).