Childhood Obesity: Possible causes and solutions

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Executive Summary

Throughout the years Children are becoming more obese, and there are plenty of factors which contribute to obesity, whether is it societal, environmental and even biological. This report focuses on the parental influence of young primary and pre-school aged children’s attitudes towards foods. It looks at ways we can change and prevent obesity happening from a food consumption perspective. An inclusion of current issues we’re facing in society today in relation to parental influences on children will also be in this report.


1.0 Background

Young children are not in control of their food consumption, their parents are. This factor largely contributes to children becoming obese. Their parents need to know the fundamentals and requirements of food choice for their children. The Department of Human Services 2005 explains that young children have little control in their own food choices. The parents or carers usually prepare and serve certain foods to their children. However, sometimes the child can have some choice by refusing what they are offered. This is an issue as Moreno Aznar & Pigot et al., (2011) suggest an argument of parents being held responsible for their child being obese, while there are plenty of social factors that make it hard for people to live healthily.

Weil (1977) suggested that some parents who overfed their children felt as if they are successfully parenting, and that adults who grow up in this pattern have difficulty in changing their own food intake behaviour (cited in Rotatori A. F, & Fox, R. 1989) The National Health and Medical Research Centre, (2013) mentioned that children who are overweight are likely to be overweight when they are adults more so if their parent...

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National Health and Medical Research Council, (2013)EAT FOR HEALTH, Australian Dietary Guidelines Summary Department of Health and Aging, Retrieved from

O'dea, J. A. & Eriksen, M. P. (2010). Childhood obesity prevention. Oxford [U.K]: Oxford University Press.

Rotatori A. F., & Fox, R. (1989). Obesity in children and youth: Measurement, characteristics, causes, and treatment. Springfield, III., U.S.A: C.C Thomas

Taitz, L. S. & Wardley, B. L. (1989). Handbook of child nutrition. Oxford [England]: Oxford University Press. (2014). WHO | Childhood overweight and obesity. [online] Retrieved from: [Accessed: 31 Mar 2014].
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