Childhood obesity is an epidemic in the United States. One out of five children in the U.S. are obese. In fact, “Approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese ("Obesity rates among," 2011). The childhood obesity rates have steadily risen since 1980 and many children are now suffering from what were once thought of as adult illnesses, such as elevated cholesterol levels, hypertension, arthritis, and diabetes. Several internal and external factors contribute to childhood obesity; however, many people believe that parents are primarily to blame for obese children and adolescents.
Marcus, Lauren and Amanda Baron. "Childhood Obesity: The Effects on Physical and Mental Health." NYU Child Study Center. 2003. Web.
An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise. Because of the prevalence of obesity and its effects on our youth, it is expert opinion that addressing this issue of childhood obesity is more necessary today than ever before. Before it can be addressed, though, biological and environmental factors need to be recognized (Gundersen, Mahatmya, Garasky, Lohman, 2014). Gundersen et al. (2014) explored the idea that there are psychosocial stressors in children’s lives that play a role in obesity.
Children become obese because of various genetic, behavioral and environmental factors. What is childhood obesity? According to the Obesity Action Coalition says, “Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting”. (Obesity Action Coalition)Childhood obesity is caused by juvenile diabetes and that is a leading factor for children between the ages of six through adolescence. Many experts... ... middle of paper ... ...c OneFile.
Caused by a complex variety of factors, obesity is a major risk factor for serious health problems, including heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer Childhood obesity has been rising at the same rate as obesity in adults. It is estimated that approximately 1-25% of children between the ages of 6 to 12 are overweight (Strauss 2845-2848). About 80 percent of overweight teenagers will remain overweight as adults. The increase in adolescent obesity (about 40 percent during the last 15 years) will have serious consequences in the future. Diseases Caused By Obesity: Being overweight predisposes a child to heart disease, gallstones, adult onset diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and full-blown obesity later in life.
Obesity in children is a contributing factor of hypertension, high cholesterol and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies have shown that 70% of obese children have one and 39% have two risk factors of CVD (CDC, 2012). With the prevalence of childhood obesity in American children, long term and short term health effects can be drastically influenced by the popularity of fast food, amount of physical activity and parental influence. Children can be conditioned to lead an unhealthy life. The increased availability of fast food has changed, so should our eating habits.
Childhood Obesity Statement of Problem Childhood and adolescent obesity is a problem of significant concern. Whether obese or at risk, excessive fat is based on the ratio of weight to height, age, and gender of the individual (Ul-Haq, Mackay, Fenwick, & Pell, 2013). Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history thus, childhood and adolescent obesity is more prevalent than ever before. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) documents the obesity rate in children ages 6-11 in 2012 at 18% (an increase from seven percent in 1980), and adolescents at 21% (an increase from five percent in 1980). The obesity rate in children has more than doubled and quadrupled in adolescents over a 30-year period (CDC, n.d).
A longitudinal study showed that those who are obese in their childhood are 15-99 percent more likely to be obese by the age of 35 years old, this probability increases as the children ages (Daniels, 2006; Wang & Lim, 2012).This essay focuses on obesity in the childhood stage in the 21st century. This will be accomplished through discussing the causes that has the most impact which are environmental, parental influence, and the food market. Afterwards we will examine the effects of the problem that varies from physical health problems, psychological sanity issues, and lastly the economic impact. Finally shedding light on the past solution and their disadvantages and drawbacks. Thenceforward... ... middle of paper ... ...1), 83–99.
According to Koukourikos, Lavdaniti, and Avramika, childhood obesity is a modern epidemic situation and is the most frequent eating disorder. (128) Obese is means the individual ways more than what is normally expected, which means he/she is extremely overweighed. Children sometimes tend to eat more than what the body needs. Obesity or even being overweight has serious effects on the individual and the society. Both need to take action to examine the causes of this problem and find solutions.
Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that can affect children and teenagers. It is diagnosed when a child is above the normal weight for his or her age and height. Obesity is “one of the most stigmatizing and least socially acceptable conditions in childhood” ("Childhood Obesity: Emotional Effects And Sedentary Lifestyles | Mollen Foundation Preventing Childhood Obesity"). Childhood obesity is really dangerous because all the extra pounds often start children on the path to bad health problems. Childhood obesity is becoming more and more common as the years go by.