There is an alarming rise in childhood obesity throughout the United States, making it an epidemic in our country. Obesity has become a threat to the health of many children. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period.
In the past few years obesity among children has increased and has now become a major issue in this nation. Over twelve million children in the United States are obese and seven percent of those children are at risk of having type 2 diabetes. Obesity has become a burden to the United States economy and it is costing America $147 billion dollars a year. Are parents to blame for obese and overweight children or is society at fault? Obesity has been around for many years but has always been known to be an adult issue.
Within the past three years obesity among children has tripled. Childhood obesity is considered the number one health threat in America. Childhood obesity has become a major issue facing America. And today over “nine million” (Selicia 4, May) United States children are overweight and obese. Sadly “2 million” (Tanner 2005) of these children are at risk for type 2 diabetes.
“In July 2004, Medicare, recognizing that obesity is a critical public health issue today, changed its policy on addressing obesity”(Henry). Nearly one third of our nations children are considered obese, and the nation annually spends $150 billion dollar in health care. That is an alarming number, and the United States tax payers fund an approximant $60 billion of these costs through Medicare and Medicaid. With that said if child obesity was reduced by at little, as five percent, the nations health care savings could be greater than $29 billion. Unfortunately, instead of the child obesity rate decreasing, it has nearly tripled over the past few decades!
This paper will address the causes and some solutions to childhood obesity. During the past 30 years, childhood obesity in the United States has more than doubled in children ages 2 to5 years old. Childhood obesity has more than tripled among 6 to 11 year olds and doubled in children aged 12 to19 years old. According to Jain (2004), the term obese is avoided because of its considerable negative connotations and fear of the stigma that accompanies the label. As a result, the term “overweight” is used to describe a child whose body mass index is above the 95th percentile for his or her age and sex.
Most complications from obesity are chronic, requiring lifelong symptom management. Obesity creates such a poor prognosis for the future generation—it is vital for everyone to recognize and acknowledge this epidemic in order to improve the health of the future population. Works Cited Kelly, J., & Reilly, J. J. (2011). Long-term impact of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence on morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood: Systematic review.
This rate has become alarming in the United States of America, as discussed in the paper. Medical practitioners consider obesity a chronic and life-long disease like diabetes and high blood pressure. The disease has long-term effects for health that affect the lives of individuals, in adulthood. Obesity calls for close observation of healthy eating habits and exercise. Cognitive theory and psychosocial theory discuss issues that are common, at infancy and childhood.
Childhood Obesity Statement of Problem Childhood and adolescent obesity is a problem of significant concern. Whether obese or at risk, excessive fat is based on the ratio of weight to height, age, and gender of the individual (Ul-Haq, Mackay, Fenwick, & Pell, 2013). Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history thus, childhood and adolescent obesity is more prevalent than ever before. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) documents the obesity rate in children ages 6-11 in 2012 at 18% (an increase from seven percent in 1980), and adolescents at 21% (an increase from five percent in 1980). The obesity rate in children has more than doubled and quadrupled in adolescents over a 30-year period (CDC, n.d).
In today's modern era, the prevalence of childhood obesity is ubiquitous. It is an epidemic plaguing the lives of many young children and adolescent worldwide. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), in the United States, close to 17% (or 12.5 million) of all children and adolescents aged 2-19 years are obese (CDC, 2014). Furthermore, the American Heart Association (2013) stated that "childhood obesity is now the No.1 health concern among parents in the United States topping drug abuse and smoking" (AHA, 2013, para. 1).
Obesity is one of the most discernible, but until recently, most deserted public health problems. The present high pervasiveness of obesity and the brisk increase in pervasiveness in the last twenty years has been referred to as an endemic (Johnson SJ, Birch LL. 1994). Children all through the U.S. are getting fatter and less fit, through potentially treacherous enduring consequences. The figure of overweight children ages 6-17 has dual in the past 25 years.