Childhood obesity is becoming a prevalent, and scary reality in the United States. The body mass index (also referred to commonly as the BMI) is calculated by a growth chart developed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). These charts help to determine the corresponding BMI-Per-Age percentile. These numbers help determine whether a child is at a healthy rate of physical growth. The BMI is calculated from your height and weight.
The present public health problem has become a great public concern and the future of these children and future adults has also been brought to attention. For example, "as obese children are more than likely to become obese adults, they are at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, and several cancers" (Gollust, 2014). Research has also indicated that the current generation of children are on track to have shorter lives than their parents because of increasing rates of obesity (Gollust, 2014). This public health issue does not only effect individuals but the national as a whole in regards to the health care system costs. Obesity in children "costs the health care system $14 billion per year, much which comes from public funds" (Glanz, 2008).
Childhood obesity is a serious and common disease that is becoming more and more popular for children to be obese. I will make some clarifications on these issues and give some reasoning behind it. In the United States, more than one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese (Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), (National Center for Health Statistics. (2010)). Obesity is classified by an excess amount of fat and a weight 20 percent above normal bodyweight (National Center for Obesity at a young age can be very dangerous (2010).
However, doctors should always be mindful of the possible role of abuse or neglect in contributing to obesity. The result of some research that was done on the symptoms of neglect shows a clear correlation between childhood abuse and obesity in childhood. A study of American school children has found that after controlling for socioeconomic status, those who were physically abused were more likely to be obese (Callaghan, 201... ... middle of paper ... ...nment Intervention for a Childhood Epidemic." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 29 Nov. 2011.
Childhood obesity is a serious medical condition that can affect children and teenagers. It is diagnosed when a child is above the normal weight for his or her age and height. Obesity is “one of the most stigmatizing and least socially acceptable conditions in childhood” ("Childhood Obesity: Emotional Effects And Sedentary Lifestyles | Mollen Foundation Preventing Childhood Obesity"). Childhood obesity is really dangerous because all the extra pounds often start children on the path to bad health problems. Childhood obesity is becoming more and more common as the years go by.
Obese children are being set up for these serious cardiovascular disorders and the need for treatment with antihypertensives, insulin, and other medication regimens. Diabetics are also at risk for blindness, kidney failure, nervous system damage, and periodontal disease (Waldman & Perlman, 2007, p.12). Waldman and Perlman (2007) also stated that as a child’s weight increases, so does their chance of death, and “over 300,000 deaths per year will be attributed to obesity” (p.13). New pediatric diagnoses have encouraged more research on the effects of childhood obesity. Kelly and Reilly (2011) explored nine of these studies, with each naming obesity the cause for significant morbidity in adulthood (p. 3).
Although, there are many health threats in the world today, “…childhood obesity (is) one of the leading health threats in the United States” (2). Even the statistics show that obesity is becoming an epidemic. In fact, “[s]ince the 1970s, the prevalence of obesity has more than doubled for preschool children and adolescents and more than tripled for school-aged children” (1). With the increasing numbers it causes people to wonder if there are other causes for obesity. Through tests and observations it has been found that obesity can be caused by other factors.
A child with a BMI over 25.0 kg/m 2 is measured as overweight (Survey on Childhood Obesity, 2014). A BMI over 30.0kg/m 2 is reflected obese, and a BMI over 40 is gloomy obesity (Survey on Childhood Obesity, 2014). “An estimated 80% of overweight teenagers continue to be obese into parenthood, so the consequences of childhood obesity on the population’s health are huge” (Survey on childhood obesity, 2014). Obesity is a long-lasting condition that grows as a result of inherited, behavior and environmental factors. Social problems are the cause for many other problems.
Over the past thirty years, childhood obesity has doubled among young children and adolescents in the United States (National Institute of Health, 2014). It is becoming a great concern for parents as children are getting heavier and heavier (Eberstadt, 2013). Fast food restaurants, among other reasons, can be to blame for this. Obesity, which should be identified before any problems can occur, has many causes which has lead it to become an epidemic in the United States, however there are several preventions and treatments that parents can execute to help their children live healthy lives. Nevertheless, this requires parents to educate themselves about obesity.
The increasing number of obese children now can be stop by effective and suitable method. The substantial increase in the prevalence of child obesity over recent decades and its association with a number of negative health and economic outcomes suggests its strong potential as an influence on the life course development of health and productivity (Murasko, 2009). Therefore the seriousness and quick action should be taken begin at this moment to ensure that the obesity not being the public health problem anymore and our next generation free from obesity crisis. Moreover, the further and deeper examination or research on obesity also should be developing in order for better understanding of this problem and the efficient yet successful methods will be use in future.