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Child Labor Policy

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Introduction Since the beginning of time, child labor has been a very complex issue in the United States. “Child labor refers to work that impedes children’s access to education and is harmful to their physical, mental, moral, developmental, and social well-being” (Schmitz, Traver, Larson, & Pieris, 2004, p. 1). Exploitation from cruel to harmful is considered and reported as child labor. A child is a person under eighteen years of age, according to the Rights of the Child convention of 1989 (Schmitz et al., 2004). As the history of child labor evolved throughout the years, policies and rules have been created to protect children from abuse. The manifestation varies widely in impact depending on the conditions of history, social, economy, politics, and ideology (Schmitz et al., 2004). History of the Child Labor Policy Children have been in the work force since the beginning of civilization. As a part of the upbringing of children and preparing them for adulthood, children contributed to work of the household (Greene, 1992). According to Greene (1992), “during the Middle Ages, from about 476 to the late 1400’s in some societies, parents believed that their children and therefore treated them like property” (p. 10). Children were used as economic gain for families whether they were rich or poor. During this period, poor families were in need of money and they would sell or apprentice a few of their children for survival for the family. These circumstances ensured the families resources, the master established the produce from the child’s labor, and the child was guaranteed food, clothing, and shelter. Based on the preparations made between the parents and the master determined the amount of time the child would have to s... ... middle of paper ... ... and where it all started, there is no clear vision of the future and where child labor is headed. Politics help rule the world and it has an effect on the direction in which child labor is headed. References Greene, L.O. (1992). Child labor: Then and now. New York: An Impact Book. Manheimer, A. (2006). Social issues: Child labor and sweatshops. New York: Thompson Gale. Mofford, J.H. (1997). Child labor in America. Carlisle, Massachusetts: Discovery Enterprise, Ltd. Schmitz, C.L., Traver, E.K, Larson, D., and Pieris, P. (2004). Child labor: Global view. Westport, CT: Greenewood Publishing Group. United States. General Accounting Office, (2002). Labor can Strenghten it’s efforts to protect children who work.(GA.B: GAO02-880). Retrived from http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=gao&docid=f:d02880.txt
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