This paper will address the causes and some solutions to childhood obesity. During the past 30 years, childhood obesity in the United States has more than doubled in children ages 2 to5 years old. Childhood obesity has more than tripled among 6 to 11 year olds and doubled in children aged 12 to19 years old. According to Jain (2004), the term obese is avoided because of its considerable negative connotations and fear of the stigma that accompanies the label. As a result, the term “overweight” is used to describe a child whose body mass index is above the 95th percentile for his or her age and sex.
Obesity is one of the most discernible, but until recently, most deserted public health problems. The present high pervasiveness of obesity and the brisk increase in pervasiveness in the last twenty years has been referred to as an endemic (Johnson SJ, Birch LL. 1994). Children all through the U.S. are getting fatter and less fit, through potentially treacherous enduring consequences. The figure of overweight children ages 6-17 has dual in the past 25 years.
Childhood obesity has doubled in children 2-5 years old, tripled with children age 6-19 (National Institute of Health [NIH], 2013). Being overweight and obese is caused from a calorie imbalance when our children eat more calories then they burn off (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). In the world 2.6 million people die as a result of being overweight or obese yearly (WHO, 2016). This problem is not just in the United States; it is a worldwide problem and improvements need to be made. Obesity is a health crisis that can be prevented or reversed.
There is an alarming rise in childhood obesity throughout the United States, making it an epidemic in our country. Obesity has become a threat to the health of many children. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period.
Children who are overweight are 10x more likely to become overweight adults unless they change their eating habits and exercise. (“Childhood Obesity. Pg 1). 30% of adult obesity begins in childhood, it is also said obesity is the cause of 300,000 deaths a year and cost society an estimated $100 billion a year. Today, about one third of American’s children and teens are considered to be overweight or obese, it has nearly tripled in size since 1963 (“Childhood Obesity”.
That is a 6 year range of difference! 52 % of girls begin to form their dieting habits before the age of 14, with the rising number of these reports being females in the estimation of 10 million females! Males trailing behind significantly at 1 million (but still struggle) with a total of 70 million people worldwide that struggle with eating disorders. Many children especially in today’s society are becoming extremely focused on their weight and appearance due to “Hollywood” and what they are trying to portray to our younger generations. Other factors that play into the cycle of becoming caught up in this addictio... ... middle of paper ... ...ds support.
More and more children, especially of schoolage years, are becoming obese and experiencing health problems as a result. There are many causes of obesity in children and adolescents, which include genetic predisposition, socio-economic status, poor dietary habits and physical inactivity. Physical inactivity is one of the major contributors to childhood obesity. The national recommendation for children aged five and above is at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity activity each day (Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, 2010). However, results from the School Health Policies and Program Study indicate that only 3.8% of elementary schools offered daily physical education classes (McKenzie et al., 2010).
Childhood Obesity Statement of Problem Childhood and adolescent obesity is a problem of significant concern. Whether obese or at risk, excessive fat is based on the ratio of weight to height, age, and gender of the individual (Ul-Haq, Mackay, Fenwick, & Pell, 2013). Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history thus, childhood and adolescent obesity is more prevalent than ever before. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) documents the obesity rate in children ages 6-11 in 2012 at 18% (an increase from seven percent in 1980), and adolescents at 21% (an increase from five percent in 1980). The obesity rate in children has more than doubled and quadrupled in adolescents over a 30-year period (CDC, n.d).
Another factor that influences childhood obesity is heredity. Infants born to overweight mothers are found to be less active than other infants. Parents are the primary contributors of childhood obesity based on statistics, obesity risks, and government plans that show childhood obesity is a dangerous rising problem in the United States. Statistics demonstrate childhood obesity is a rising problem in the United States. “A major example is that there is a prevalence of obesity of children aged to 6 to 11 increases from 6.5% in 1980 to 19.6% in 2009” (CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health).
Childhood obesity is not only a problem in developed countries such as the United States; it is also a problem in third world countries. Pregnant women who are undernourished during pregnancy are m... ... middle of paper ... ...verweight (4). Parents who were overweight and taught their eating habits to their children were more likely to have overweight children. I would like to use this article to show how parents’ eating habits, parenting style, and weight affect their child’s weight. Yang Z, Huffman S. Nutrition in pregnancy and early childhood and associations with obesity in developing countries.