Isabela Hoffman Med 2056 Diabetes Mellitus Instructor Michelle Heanley 1/23/2014 Diabetes Mellitus is a condition where the pancreas (organ that produces insulin) from the beta cells, does not produce enough insulin, or the cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This leads to uncontrolled high sugars in the blood stream. If this is left untreated it can have devastating consequences. Insulin is extremely important hormone for our body because it helps regulate blood sugar. The insulin tracks changes within the body and makes adjustments as the blood sugar changes.
Type two diabetes is a condition in which the body either creates too little insulin, or cannot appropriately utilize the insulin it create. In order for the body to go through the process of acquiring energy, it must have insulin. After food is broken down, the insulin carried the energy created in the breaking down process to all the cells. Type two also poses to be the most common form. Millions are diagnosed with the permanent disease and millions more are unaware they have, or are at risk of having, the disease (Bureau).
Juvenile mellitus diabetes is a commonly a type 1 diabetes. This form of diabetes is a condition with a disordered metabolism. It is exhibited in high glucose levels due to lack of or insufficiency of insulin secretion in the pancreas organ. It happens in such a way that when a juvenile eats food it is broken down into glucose. The sugar has propensity of exceeding bloodstream into certain body cells using a hormone known as the insulin.
This unwanted disease works its way into even the strongest of people who have had no symptoms. Even with a healthy lifestyle, can diabetes become preventable? Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. “Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar.” People need insulin to survive. People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin.
Unlike Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes develops over time, can be prevented, and is usually found in adults. Type1 diabetes is found in children and cannot be prevented. According to the ADA 26 million people have diabetes and most them are Type 2; 7 million others are living undiagnosed. Symptoms of diabetes are, frequent urination, very hungry or thirsty, very tired, frequent infections of urinary tract or skin, erectile dysfunction and pain, tingling or numbness in hands or feet. There are many things that put you at risk for diabetes.
Thompson, Amanda L. "Intergenerational Impact Of Maternal Obesity And Postnatal Feeding Practices On Pediatric Obesity." Nutrition Reviews 71. (2013): S55-S61. SPORTDiscus with Full Text. Web.
According to Kim and Lee (2008), the rates of childhood obesity have tripled over the past three decades. Childhood obesity is becoming a problem for many youth in our society, with more youth being overweight and inactive increases the chances for them to be diagnosed with diabetes. The community needs to become active about this topic by having more activities open to the youth in the areas. This would include workshops and sport programs for the youth being available in the community. Hopefully, the North Carolina School Diabetes Act will educate children so that they will learn to make good quality health decision when they are younger and to give them a better chance of not being diagnosed with diabetes.
(2007). Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. Retrieved February 25, 2011 from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/31/Supplement_1/S61.full American Heart Association. (2010 November 10). Diabetes.
(Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes. It is a condition in which the body fails to produce cells that are responsible for producing insulin leading to a condition known as insulin resistance. (Hopkins, 2010). Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the pancreas in our body and is mainly responsible for regulating the conversion of sugar into energy as the body fails to metabolize glucose in a proper way. Due to insulin resistance or failure of body cells to use insulin, glucose deposits in the blood instead of going into cells which mostly leads to many complications.
Once articles are found this paper will critically appraise evidence in the studies, and determine if education was helpful in preventing type 2 diabetes among the youth. Clinical Significance of the Issue The decision to discuss a topic related to diabetes was made because of the prevalence of newly diagnosed children with type 2 diabetes. Previously type 1 diabetes in children was the most common. Type 1 diabetes is not preventable, but it can be treated with medication, insulin, and lifestyle habits. Now new evidence and statistics is coming forward suggesting that obesity is the number one disease in our youth, and the reason why type 2 diabetes is on the rise.