It is characterized by the use of symbols to represents objects and relationships among them (Rathus , S., & Longmuir, S., 2011 , p.125). This is the time children pretend play , Piaget (1962 [ 1946 ])wrote that pretend play usually begins in the second year , when the child begins to symbolize the objects . The quality of pretend play influences pre-schoolers’ later academic performances , their creativity, and their social skills (Russ,2006; Stagnitti et al.,2000) . Imaginery friends are an example of pretend play . As many as 65% of pre-schoolers have imaginery friends , they are most common first born and only children (Gleason et al.,2003). Children with imaginery friends are usually less aggressive , more cooperative, and show greater language development and concentration (Rathus, S., & Longmuir, S., 2011 , p.126). In conclusion, we have learned that in the preoperational stage you learn to symbolize objects and you can connect to people relationship wise. – you’re missing several theoretical concepts for this stage;
Jean Piaget is a Switzerland psychologist and biologist who understand children’s intellectual development. Piaget is the first to study cognitive development. He developed the four stages of cognitive development: the sensori-motor stage, preoperational stage, the concrete operational and the formal operational stage. Piaget curiosity was how children cogitate and developed. As they get mature and have the experience, children’s will get knowledgeable. He suggested that children develop schemas so they can present the world. Children’s extend their schemas through the operation of accommodation and assimilation.
Some may consider his theory to be way too complex, because the terminology he uses is difficult to understand. But his work truly shows his devotion to understanding the forces that shape the child’s development. His theories have greatly impacted the way society views and observes children’s behaviors to their environment. Through his composite and unconventional way of approaching situations, his distinctive clinical method created the field of developmental psychology. Even through his struggle Piaget continued to engage in questions of method, throughout his first era of exploration. His work brought about theoretical concerns and a powerful attention to the logical discussion between adult researchers and children of various ages. Piaget’s method continues to mold development research and theory to this day (Mayer,
In conclusion, I have discussed cognitive development as it relates to the mental aging process of infancy through adolescence. As instructed in the assignment outline, I chose the following three cognitive functions; thinking, intelligence, and language. To the best of my knowledge, I briefly discussed each function based on the information outlined in the text. I also attempted to discuss Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development as they relate to the infancy stage through adolescence throughout the lifespan.
One of the most incredible things while observing a Child in their early life is the intense imagination they can possess. They can create a whole new universe with the simplest materials which is why, make-believe play should be a huge focus when it comes to studying children’s development especially when it comes to their cognitive development.
The Early Years Learning Framework allows educators to draw on a wide range of perspectives and theories which gives educators the ability to challenge traditional ways of teaching young children. One of the Theorists that underpins the EYLF document is Jean Piaget. Piaget’s theory is based on the belief that early cognitive development occurs through processes where actions prompt our thought process and this in turn influences our actions next time round. Piaget was of the belief that a child’s cognitive development follows a fixed process of four stages that are the same for all children. The four stages are as follows; Stage one is the Sensori-Motor stage (0-2 years). This is the stage where the child is beginning to learn about the world
Piaget’s stage theory of cognitive development demonstrates a child’s cognitive ability through a series of observational studies of simple tests. According to Piaget, a child’s mental structure, which is genetically inherited and evolved, is the basis for all other learning and knowledge. Piaget’s
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is a theory that contains a mountain of information about the development of human intelligence developed by Piaget. Although this theory is known as the developmental stage theory, it greatly deals with the nature of something that we have poses and that is knowledge. But Piaget does not just speak on the wonders of knowledge but how humans come to acquire it and construct it as well. Piaget believes cognitive development is the center of human organism and that language is contingent on cognitive development.
As children develop cognitively the types of play they engage in mirrors this development. This research can be helpful for adults because it gives them insight into how children learn through play (Tsao, 2002). For example, in order to help a child develop their ability to understand the difference between reality and fantasy, pretend games should be encouraged. Parents and teachers can help by giving children toys that require the use of imagination. This includes dress up clothes, play kitchens, and