11 Dec. 2013. http://www.findcounseling.com/journal/child-abuse/child-abuse-effects.html Saisan, MSW, Joanna, Jeanne Segal, Ph.D., and Melinda Smith, M.A.,. "Child Abuse & Neglect: Recognizing and Preventing Child Abuse." Helpguide.org: Understand, Prevent and Resolve Life's Challenges. Web. 11 Dec. 2013. http://helpguide.org/mental/child_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm "Types of Child Abuse (sidebar)."
Research performed by some authors has also shown that children who are abused have the tendency of becoming abusive parents themselves. Some abused children find it difficult to build a healthy relationship with people resulting from their abuse experiences. Child abuse is everywhere in the world, it occurs in all cultures, races and it is a problem that attention has not being fully focused on, therefore child abuse should be prevented and stopped. Child abuse is described as a harmful behavior on the children whether physically or mentally. The most common type of abuse is the physical abuse, this is because it is easily identifi... ... middle of paper ... ... for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 Jan. 2014.
In this article, researchers estimate that about 4 to 16 percent of children suffer physical abuse every year in developed nations such the United States of America. Yet as many as 15 percent of such cases are neglected. A round 10% of girls while 5% of boys experience brutal sexual abuse. Nevertheless, research s... ... middle of paper ... ...m/2013/11/21/arizona-child-abuse-reports- investigate_n_4319245.html. Schols, Manuela WA, de Ruiter, Corine, & Öry, Ferko G. (2013).
Overcoming the Pain of Childhood Abuse and Neglect. Retrieved from Psychology Today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/culturally-speaking/201303/overcoming-the-pain-childhood-abuse-and-neglect safehorizon. (2010). Child Abuse: Statistics & Facts. Retrieved from safehorizon: http://www.safehorizon.org/index/what-we-do-2/child-abuse--incest-55/child-abuse-statistics--facts-304.html U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.
Groves, Betsy, M. “Mental Health Services for Children Who Witness Domestic Violence.” At Health, Inc., n.d. Web. 1 Nov 2011. http://www.athealth.com/Practitioner/ceduc/dv_children.html Levine, Diane, E. “Beyond Banning War and Superhero Play: Meeting Children’s needs in Violent Times.” National Association for the Education of Young Children Inc., n.d. Web. 10 Nov 2011.
Journal Of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 11(4), 29-52. doi:10.1300/J146v11n0402 Child Maltreatment 2012. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/child- maltreatment-2012 Crosson-Tower, C. (2008). Exploring Child Welfare a Practice Perspective (6th ed.). U.S.A: Pearson.
In addition, single parents are at risk to abuse children along with substance abuse (Gosselin, 2014). Also, poor parent-child relationships and disabilities increase a caregiver’s risk to abuse (Gosselin, 2014). Abusers usually will manipulate the child into keeping child abuse a secret from others (Gosselin, 2014). There are many reasons to why the child will feel helpless to tell on the abuser including embarrassment, no one will believe them, and threats were made towards the child if they did open (Gosselin, 2014). Children under the age of one are at the highest risk of abuse (Gosselin, 2014).
In 2004, The US Department of Health and Human Services estimate that 872,000 children were determined US victims of child abuse. Approximately 17.5 percent of the maltreatment victims were physically abused(Hmurovich). Every year, there are approximately three million children that are involved in cases of child abuse. Of that, about twenty-five percent are just cases of physical abuse(Lansford). The number of abused or neglected children that are killed each year went from 798 in 1985 to 1,185 in 1996(Bean Child).
The use of these defense mechanisms short-term may serve as a protective barrier for the psyche and decrease the damaging effects of trauma. But long-term use will consequently lead to internal confusion and conflict (Hosier 1). Many children learn to use multiple defense mechanisms interchangeably to cope with complex trauma throughout their childhood. Moreover, Complex trauma is a leading factor in many health issues and diagnoses such as ADHD, ADD, Anxiety disorder, Borderline disorder, depression, bipolar, and PTSD. The list of possible diagnoses is endless, and finding proper treatment is a struggle.
After many studies researchers have confirmed that when children are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) it significantly effects their social emotional development (Hughes & Chau, 2013; Herman-Smith, 2013). This raises a concern; if IPV was to be measured emotional abuse should children be removed from their families. If we consider that the majority of children that witness IPV are under six and would not be able to fully understand what is happening we can conclude that they would not be able to report their maltreatment (Hughes & Chau, 2013). If either partner also chooses not to report the abuse it may continue and it would impact the child; the child could experience mental and behavioral problems. Therefore programs should be introduced to care givers that are dealing with aggression problems so that they can understand that their temperament and actions do affect their children both directly and indirectly.