Child Abuse : A Child From A Guardian Or Caregiver

1297 Words6 Pages
Child abuse is more than bruises or broken bones on a child from a guardian or caregiver. Child abuse is when a caregiver or parent causes death, injury, emotional harm or serious harm to the child. The main types of maltreatment recognized by CPS (Child Protection Services) include sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional and child neglect. Sexual abuse is defined as sexual touching, rape, intercourse, sodomy, commercial exploit and exhibitionism to a minor. Physical abuse is defined as aggression, such as punching, kicking, beating, burning, shaking or physically harming a child. Emotional abuse are acts or omission that cause or have potential to affect behavioral, cognitive, emotions or mental disorder of a child. Child neglect is failing to provide for a child’s physical, educational or emotional needs. Child neglect is important because it is associated with mental health and adverse health outcomes. These outcomes can affect the child and the parent or caregiver, and it can lead to life-long problems. In 2010, Mennen, Kim, Sang, and Trickett concluded that “the most common and prevalent form of child maltreatment reported in the US is child neglect” (p.647). Despite that child neglect is reported to be the most common child maltreatment to the CPS and other health services, we know little about child neglect. In 2009, the US Department of Health and Human Services, indicated that over 794,000 substantiated victims of child maltreatment in 2007 was reported and 59.0 % of them were victims of neglect (as citied in Mennen et al., 2010). In 2002, Hildyard and Wolfe, reviewed a study from 1996 by Sedlak and Broadhust. The study indicated that child neglect affected 30 children out of every 1000 in the US, and accounted for 70%... ... middle of paper ... ...rental mental health and substance abuse, did not yield many statistically significant associations causing them to only select the measures that were common in all three studies from other researchers (as cited in K.S. Slack et al., 2011). Another limitation was the differences in study design between other research done in the past. This could cause them to have different outcomes than the other researchers who performed the same experiment, but in a different method. K.S. Slack et al. (2011) used different sample characteristics compared to other researchers in the past also making their results different from other researchers in the past (p.1362). Such findings do not rule out the possibility of selection bias-that certain unobserved characteristics predict both neglect risk as well as economic stress was also a limitation (as citied in K.S. Slack et al., 2011).

More about Child Abuse : A Child From A Guardian Or Caregiver

Open Document