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Chief Justice Earl Warren

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Chief Justice Earl Warren

Earl Warren was born March 19, 1891 in Los Angeles, California. Earl’s father was a Norwegian immigrant, which left him dealing with prejudice and equal rights at a very young age (Grace, 1). This lead to early indications that law would be Earl’s profession. Even before entering High School, he listened to criminal cases at the Kern County courthouse. Attending the University of California at Berkeley, Warren worked his way through college. He majored in political science for three years before entering the law school at UC. “He received his B.L. degree in 1912 and his J.D. degree in 1914. On May 14, 1915, he was admitted to the California bar. After graduation Warren worked in law offices in San Francisco and Oakland, the only time in his career when he was engaged in private practice” (White, 61). The young lawyer became a deputy district attorney in Alameda County, and eventually became district attorney in 1925 when is opponent decided to resign from the race (Weaver, 40). He would go on to win the next four elections. “During his fourteen years as district attorney, Warren developed a reputation as a crime fighter. As a prosecutor Warren was sometimes accused of high-handedness in his methods, but in thirteen years and in thousands of cases ranging from murder to window-breaking, he never had a conviction reversed by a higher court” (Ely, 964). Warren served as attorney general from 1939-1943, enjoying the image of an effective foe of racketeers. In 1948, Warren was the Republican Party's nominee for vice-president of the United States. He and fellow republican Thomas Dewey would end up losing the race, the only election Warren ever lost, to Democratic candidate Harry S. Truman. In 1953 President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Earl Warren the fourteenth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (Compston, 101). This new job would prove to be the most important and difficult job Warren had ever taken. “He inherited a court that was deeply divided between those justices who advocated a more active role for the court and those who supported judicial restraint” (Compston, 133).

Among the Warren Court's most important decisions was the ruling that made racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional. The Brown vs. The Board of Education case dealt with the segregation of public schools. Although all the schools in a ...

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... Brown vs. the Board of Ed. Case from this source. In addition, this book contain a lot of criticism that Warren faced because of his ruling.

Weaver, John D. Warren: The Man, the Court, the Era. Boston: Little, Brown and
Company, 1967.
- This book provided information about Warrens career early on, most importantly his becoming District Attorney of California.

White, Edward G. Earl Warren: A Public Life. New York: Oxford University Press,
1982.
- This source had information about Warren’s accomplishments in school and his job right out of school.

Internet Sources:
Cray, Ed. “Landmark case Biography: Earl Warren”. Earl Warren/Brown vs.
Board of Ed. Information page. 1997. 5 March 2005 < http://www. landmarkcases.org/brown/warren.html>
- This website contained a great deal of information about the Brown vs. Board of
Ed. case.

Grace, Roger M. “Earl Warren, Norwegian American”. Earl Warren Information Page.
June 1998. 4 March, 2005 < http://www.mnc.net/norway/warren.htm>
- This website provided me with information about the end of Warren’s career and his retirement.
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