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Chicken Waste Essay

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1.1 INTRODUCTION: -
In India, there is a large quantity of chicken waste produced. The poultry industry is growing day by day all over the India. The objective of this paper is to show that the chicken waste can be used as the feed material to produce biogas [1]. Energy is broadly classified as non renewable and renewable. Generation of renewable energy is done from natural resources and can be replenished within a short period of time. There are some renewable energy sources such as waste biomass, hydro-power by water, geothermal energy, wind energy, and solar energy [2].
Global depletion of energy supply due to the continuing over-utilization is being a major problem of the present and future world community. Therefore in today’s energy
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It is a renewable and nourish able source of energy used to create bio gas or other forms of power.
Some sources of bio mass are as:
 Agricultural residues: remains from agriculture, crops, and harvesting or processing of them.
 Food waste, from kitchen, restaurants, hotels preparation and processing, and post-consumer waste.
 Wastes from industry and co-products from manufacturing and industrial processes.
 Manure from cattle’s, pets, poultry house.
1.2.3 Cow dung:
Cow dung is a waste material generated from the cows, it is also known as cow manure or cow pats. Cow dung can be used as a fuel for burnings after drying it. Cow dung is good fertilizer for the crops and it is generally used for farming in India.
Cow dung slurry is composed of 1.8-2.4% nitrogen (N2), 1.0-1.2% phosphorus (P2O5), 0.6-0.8% potassium (K2O) and 50-75% organic humus. (Cow dung)
1.2.4 Chicken
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This bio gas is purified and stored by compressing it. This compressed is further used in many other fields as a substitute of energy sources.
The bio gas is used for:
 Heating or burning.
 As a fuel in vehicles for transportation
 For electricity generation.
1.2.9 Opportunity for the biogas production:
In Jaipur, there are many slaughter houses and poultry farms where wastes are generated in a large quantity. Decantation of these wastes is major problem. So we have an opportunity to utilize these wastes in production of biogas. By decantation of these wastes, we can prevent air pollution. Bio gas generation is a simple and cheap method of decentralized energy production over a wide range of agricultural and climatic condition.
1.3 WHAT IS BIO GAS?
Bio gas is the bye product after fermentation of CD and CW. Bio gas is produced by anaerobic digestion process. Bio gas is a composition of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and other gasses. Bio gas is one of the renewable energy sources among solar and wind energy.

Table 1: Composition of Bio Gas [24]
S. NO. COMPONENT CONCENTRATION (BY VOLUME)
1 Methane (CH4) 55-60
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