An accident that will take the homes and lives once known to many. The Chernobyl Nuclear Accident impacted the Ecosystem in many different ways through the atmosphere, the environment, and the human population. April 26, 1986 scheduled routine Maintenance was getting ready to be conducted at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Pripyat Ukraine. At the same time they decided to conduct a safety test as well to find out if the plants turbines would be able to keep the reactors cool in case of a power outage. “ Plant workers planned to slow turbines that generated the plant’s power and monitor the water as it flowed through the reactor core” (Bryan 18).
Chernobyl, an Examination of the World’s Worst Nuclear Disaster On the 26th of April, 1986 unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power station was taken off the electrical grid to perform an experiment in which the reactor would be run at low power. The Chernobyl power station, which is located in the present day Ukraine and is approximately 12 miles south of the border with Belarus, did not react as designed and unit 4 proceeded to spiral out of control. The unconstrained fission reaction which followed resulted in a steam explosion that poured radioactive material into the atmosphere. To this day Chernobyl is the largest and farthest reaching nuclear disaster in human history. The meltdown of Chernobyl's fourth reactor was the result of a series of errors in the reactor design, operations, and a failure to follow established safety protocols.
The location of Chernobyl city is in the north of Ukraine near the Belarus border. That nuclear accident happened when in reactor number 4 in the Chernobyl nuclear power in the Soviet Union exploded. Because of that extreme explosion, the radioactive emissions dispensed into the environment and caused immediate deaths, illnesses and many health problems. World Health Association (2013) reports that during the accident, one person died immediately and another one died in the hospital due to the harmful injuries he received. Health World Organization (WHO) (2006) also reports that a few weeks after the disaster 28 people died because of the Acute Radiation Sickness(ARS).
Some say the explosion was a consequence of the , 1986 a test was run on a reactor at the Chernobyl 4 power plant. An operator went to shut down the reactor but couldn’t because it was in an extremely unstable condition. The unique design of the control rods in the reactor caused a dramatic power surge when they were put into the reactor. When the very hot fuel and the coolant came together it caused a rapid production of steam and increased the pressure in the reactor. The characteristics of the reactor were very sensitive.
Psychological biases, as well as other contributing factors such as human factors, and design flaws made the Chernobyl accident a catastrophe that no one could have anticipated. The series of events that occurred on April 26th, 1986 at the Chernobyl Power Plant located in the Ukraine, would be considered one of the worst disasters that the world would ever see. It was supposed to be a routine check “to determine how long the steam-driven turbines at the plant would continue to generate electricity in the event of an electrical blackout” (Worsnop). This seems ironic because a simple test led to such a complicated calamity. During the test, one of the turbines was shut off and the emergency core cooling system was turned off as well.
Nuclear fallout is the residue and byproducts of a nuclear bomb explosion or in the case of Chernobyl, a nuclear accident. The Chernobyl accident occurred on April 26, 1986 at 1:23 a.m. just outside of Kiev, Ukraine. The nuclear reaction occurred because the reactor complex was made up of four reactors and the reactor design was flawed. Also, some of the operating personnel were improperly trained. A nuclear reaction is a change in the identity or the characteristics of an atomic nucleus.
“Nuclear Power Plants and Their Fuel as Terrorist Targets.” Science 297.5589 (2002): 1997-8. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30 April 2011.
On April 26, 1986 the entire world’s view of nuclear energy changed forever (Nave Chernobyl, n.d., para. 4). This was because on that day there was a massive explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in Ukraine (part of the USSR at the time). Science can be applied to this event to explain why the plant exploded in the first place. Science can be used to look at how the plant was designed to work versus how it worked at the time of explosion.
Nuclear power: both sides. The Wilson Quarterly, 30(4), 59+. Retrieved October 9, 2011 from Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Richburg, K.B. (2011, March 16).
Just a few years ago there was a significant catastrophic nuclear failure. This failure caused huge amounts of radioactive materials to be released into the environment. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster quickly became the largest nuclear incident since the 1986 Chernobyl accident while both have affected the environment immensely with radiation. Due to the potential safety issues, the risk to the environment, and the dangers of nuclear power, the use of nuclear facilities must be called off to prevent meltdowns and irreparable damage to the surrounding area. One reason why nuclear power must be eliminated is due to the fact that it does not justify the danger it creates.