It is a very sensitive topic among many countries, and is out of hand primarily because of the introduction of chemical weapons to the world in the First World War. Many people have the same feelings about chemical weapons. Chemical weapons are wrong and those that exist in the world should be destroyed, but it is not that simple. Chemical weapons are very dangerous and even after their destruction, they are still very hazardous. Innocent people are being killed accidentally with chemical weapons, whether it is poor storage or bad transportation.
The more nuclear weapons or devices there are, the easier it will be for one or more of them to get into the hands of terrorists. We have all witnessed the devastating impact terrorism has on our society. From the 9/11 attacks, which saw the twin towers crumble at the hands of Al-Qaeda, to the bombings on the Oklahoma Federal building in 1995 which claimed more than 168 lives. Terrorism has provoked a high sense of fear in the very communities we live in. However, these terrorist attacks would mean nothing compared to what would happen if a terrorist organisation had captured a nuclear bomb.
Be it resolved that no country has the right to possess nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons damage the environment greatly. The damage can be long lasting. One may argue that the damage to the environment can be justified by the fact that they can end wars quickly and reduce the number of deaths, but when they are used to end wars quickly, they will still kill many civilians indiscriminately. Radiation can kill many innocent people.
Other cancers in humans are also known to be caused by viruses. It is tempting to assign human traits to viruses thinking of them as contriving and evil. But, they... ... middle of paper ... ... enter your body. Some vaccines, such as those for polio, measles and smallpox have been highly effective in removing the causative pathogens from the population. Others viruses including HIV, influenza and those that cause the common cold, are able to change enough to evade recognition by the responding antibodies as to render current vaccines useless.
Category A agents cause the most death and health issues to the public and cause a greater concern to the national security. Category B is less of a priority but must still be considered a threat to contain as it causes illness and deaths and Category C is of the least priority because it considers agents that are not yet causing harm but could be easily accessed to form bioweapons and later emerge as threats to the population... ... middle of paper ... ...he bloodstream if not treated in time and will spread to other parts of the body including the liver, spleen, and lungs leading us to the other forms of the plague. Septicemic plague could either result from the bite of a flea or when one becomes infected through contact with contaminated fluid or tissue from animals with Y. pestis. The infection is spread in the blood and affects different parts of the body. Lastly pneumonic plague, being the most serious form of the plague, arises once a human host’s lungs become infected by Y. pestis bacteria.
What most people don’t know is that civilizations have been using this brutal war tactic since the 6th century, in which the Assyrians poisoned enemy wells with a fungus that made the enemy incoherent. Even though most people agree that chemical and biological weapons are horrific, there is a conflicting argument as to whether there should be a total elimination versus the control of these weapons. In order to understand both sides of this conflict one must know what are chemical and biological weapons. A chemical weapon is any weapon that uses a manufactured chemical to kill people. Modern chemical and biological weapons focus on condensed chemical or biological agents, meaning that it takes a lot less of the chemical to kill the same number of people.
Bioterrorism is a silent killer and without proper precautions can take down great amounts of people depending on the agent used, and the defense in order. Have you ever thought about an act of terrorism where you have no idea it’s happening until it’s too late? This is exactly what happens in bioterrorism! The terrorist intentionally releases biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, toxins, and other harmful agents. These agents are meant to cause illness to its targets, but the illness may not happen for several hours to several days after the target has come in contact with the agent.
But this would be a silent but deadly terrorist attack using one of the world’s most lethal diseases to cause a worldwide pandemic that would kill millions of people. There are millions of viruses and bacteria that are known but only few, if put in the wrong hands, could cause a bioterrorism attack. However, the Northern Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has identified 31 biological agents that could be used in a terrorist attack (Evans). The US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Disease (USAMRIID) has further reduced this list to six: B. anthracis, variola virus, Y. pestis, Francisella tularensis, botulinum toxin, and the hemorrhagic fever viruses (Evans). Each of these agent’s severity depends on how quickly they can spread and how many people will die from them in an amount of time.
If this technology were to be developed, not only would terrorist organizations have the power to infect and annihilate millions using Ebola, but they could also alter the way we fight our wars by replacing physical combat with biological warfare. While Ebola seems to have become the “hot topic” of the hour, for the vast majority it is a novel and unheard of concept. The question must be asked, what is Ebola, and what is it that makes it so scary? Ebola is a virus which causes the infected person to bleed both internally and externally. In addition to massive blood loss, it also causes the immune system to shut down, leading to the decomposition of the body’s vital organs.
Unfortunately, we now hear about use of these biological agents not only from novels, but also from the newspaper. Biological weapons are frightening, in part, because of limited public understanding of this type of warfare. The popular and uninformed opinion on biological warfare is that huge communities of people will be wiped out in one fell swoop by fatal infections. In this paper I will answer basic questions about biological warfare to provide a better understanding of what biological warfare means and how we can defend against it. Although biological warfare is frightening, it will not necessarily lead to the destruction of life on Earth.