Using the Soviet Thaw as an opportunity to reform the system of government, many countries including Hungary and Czechoslovakia had uprisings against Soviet Rule. The Hungarian Revolution and the Prague Spring were uprisings against the Soviet Union that both ended in defeat with Soviet Union. However, the outcomes for both countries differed in many ways because of the differences in the motives for the uprising, the loss of life and the differences in the leadership of the uprisings. One difference between the Hungarians and the Czechs was the effects of nationalism on the uprisings. Rooted in their history from 1848 Revolution against the Habsburg Empire, the Hungarians sought independence with the death of Stalin.
Comparing the Events in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968 Both of these events covered the same basic outline; a revolt, reforms in the country and the USSR’s reaction to these modifications. However in both cases the situation differed with many similarities and differences. Both events started with the same cause, dissatisfaction with Communism and the restrictions that came with it. Both countries were bitter about losing their freedom of speech and lived in fear of the secret police, yet in Hungary this was present on a bigger scale. In both countries current leaders were forced to resign and received no support from the USSR.
Causes such as poverty, Soviet power, and change of Hungarian life ultimately led to the primary uprising known as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. This event not only portrayed the initial precursor of instability, but also rebellion inside the Soviet Iron Curtain. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 included effects such as a massive decrease in the global Communist party, an increase of the policy Containment in the Western Hemisphere, and polarization of the Cold War. In the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, The U.S.S.R. principle of peaceful negotiation greatly faltered due to the Soviet practice of intervention and immense destruction of the Hungarian people. Hungary is in Central Europe, Northwest of Romania.
His economic policies threw his country into even more turmoil and chaos, as the different nationalities used their new freedoms to move away from the union. “Gorbachev sincerely wanted to reform the communist system, but he did not want to eliminate it. He recognized there was a lot of wrong with his country, but right to the end, he never grasped the extent of the problem'; (Russia). As a result, the breakup of the Soviet Union was not a singular event that occurred overnight, rather was caused by decades of neglect and abuse to the former nations by the central communist government. A government that would never end, but find ways to cover-up its identity.
Unfortunately, this radical style of ruling ended in over 300,000 Hungarians being exiled, imprisoned or killed. Khruschev began to win back support by taking Rakosi out of office, claiming that he was mentally unbalanced in a peaceful gesture towards the Hungarians. No more was done to change the still occurring oppressive behavior though. The relationship between principles and practice in regards to the Hungarian Revolution during the Cold War was centered around the hope that after Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953, Hungarians would be peacefully liberated from the Communist rule of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), but this was only achieved after a rebellion. Before World War II had been won, Hungary was Nazi Germany’s last ally.
This disillusionment with the Soviet ideal of socialism lead the people of the fledgeling socialist state of Hungary to rise up in revolt, but ill-preparedness and the strength of the Soviet Red Army put down the insurrection within several days. Several forces influenced and provoked counter-revolutionary forces in Hungary, both internal and external. Externally, there was support for pro-democratic groups within Hungary, and émigré groups from Hungary(Berecz 15). The United States government implemented several acts to support reactionary groups who fled eastern European countries in the years following World War II. Among these acts was the ?Lodge Act?
Franklin D. Roosevelt followed the same policies as Hoover and made more laws to make everything worse. Franklin D. Roosevelt was a lawyer, not an economist or business man, and “FDR appeared to be utterly ignorant of econo... ... middle of paper ... ...d to provide some protection for the 8,750 acres in Chattanooga.” General consensus is that this would affect the economy negatively. Franklin D. Roosevelt thought that more government power and involvement in the market would help the economy. Mistakenly he thought that the United States should exhibit the ideals of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union destroyed Russia, but luckily the United States did not end up like that.
Although he led the process of de-Stalinization (since Stalin’s death in 1953), the pace of change was extremely slow and thus the people called for more reforms. In May of 1966 the Czechoslovakians began to complain that the Soviets were exploiting them, this was the first spark that eventually lead to the flame of his overthrow. Furthermore, Czechoslovakia was an industrialized nation and the Soviet’s model of economy did not suit them, in fact it hurt Czechoslovakians, and lead to a decline in their economy. In fact, the conditions for the working class were a... ... middle of paper ... ...rators. During this time frame, Husak’s rule was often described as “reluctant terror” as it closely copied the Soviet Union’s policies and objectives.
This was due to the lack of spending on consumer goods and the domestic economy as a whole. It fell behind on technology and industrial output. • Brezhnev died on November 10th, 1982. After his death, there was speculation that the position of General Secretary would fall to Cherneko, however he was incapable to rally enough support within... ... middle of paper ... .... Word Count: 721 SECTION E: CONCLUSION In conclusion, both Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan were involved in the reduction of hostilities. Although the Soviet Union was pressured by the USA to reduce their arms due to economic standards, Mikhail Gorbachev’s actions during his time as leader of the USSR were crucial in discontinuing strained relations, as his persistence in arms reduction were very effective in demonstrating Reagan, Gorbachev’s importance to avoid conflict by all means.
(Modern Enc.. and Kort) 	To prevent Malenkov from gaining to much power, he was stripped of his duties as First Secretary. These duties in turn were handed to Nikita Khrushchev, a longtime party boss of the Ukraine and the first secretary of the party’s Moscow organization, who was not seen as a serious candidate for supreme power. (Kort) Khrushchev had two advantages over his associates, the right to appoint his trusted followers to key positions and the right to demote those he distrusted. To succeed Khrushchev had to remove his two principal rivals. He removed Beria quickly with the help of other colleagues who feared Beria.