Many novels have been written about the great wars, but few are as absorbing, captivating and still capable of showing all the horrors of the battle as Timothy Findley's "The Wars"1. After reading the novel, critics and readers have been quick to point out the vast examples of symbolism shown throughout the novel. Even the author himself commented at the vast examples of symbolism throughout the novel, "Everything in that book has a life of its own. It's a carrier too -- all the objects are carriers of someone else's spirit"2. Although the novel is very symbolic, the most bare-faced and self explicit symbols are the natural elements that are inscribed on Robert's gravestone, "Earth and Air and Fire and Water"3.
Chaucer’s profession of faith, which appears so out of context in comparison to many aspects of The Canterbury Tales, actually reinforces the theme of corruption within the Roman Catholic Church and within society. Separately, the “Retraction” and The Canterbury Tales give contrasting views of medieval life; together, they create a unified account of individual immorality caused by corruption of the Church.
There were rumors of corrupt Popes, church clerical and priest ignoring their vows of poverty and celibacy. They ignored the Canon law, which is an ecclesiastical law that governs the Roman Catholic Church. This triggered Chaucer to satirize the corruption through his use of comedic, pleasant ridicule of human vices with his characters, the Pardoner, the Monk, the Prioress, the Summoner and the Friar. He incorporates the seven deadly sins in his stories, which are pride, envy, sloth, gluttony, avarice, lechery and wrath to explain the fall of man with his religion. The Canterbury Tales is recognized as the first book written in English and this paved the way for other writers such as Shakespeare.
Dante exemplifies this by Pope Nicholas being scared that Pope Boniface VIII, who actuall... ... middle of paper ... ...onjointly, Dante’s strategically used imagery shows the horrors are merely the hidden sins committed on Earth and that caused them to be punished in Hell to their sins’ equal severity. The crowning jewel of Dante’s illustrative text was the pilgrim’s development from a pure human being to one filled with evil and hatred after seeing Hell’s truths and how he changed negatively from his exposure. These clues left by Dante display show the reader the precise reason why the Church is debauched and how it affected its misguided people. Works Cited Alighieri, Dante. “The Divine Comedy: Inferno”.
Joan of Arc a young woman condemned by a church that she sworn to faithfully follow, but is ultimately put to death under their power. In “Saint Joan” Shaw is attempting to show the madness of organized religion. When religion is left to the powers of men, who are unable to put their own agendas aside will led to horrible injustices. Even though Shaw's “Saint Joan” is a story of courage and heroism, in actuality its a story of the hypocrisy of religious fanatics who use their power for their own needs. Saint Joan is a reflection of how Bernard Shaw the writer of this play saw religion in general.
This revolt was counter acted by internal, peaceful, and reform minded Catholic Reformation and by the combating Counter Reformation. Martin Luther believed the Clergy’s blatant disregard of duties and rules and the selling of indulgences justified his revolt while the Catholic Church disagreed both internally reforming the Church though rules and regulations and by counteracting and fighting though enforcement to stop it. Martin Luther revolt was caused by corruption and religious problems of the Church which fought by religious enforcement and by religious reform.
Pope Nicholas III is symbolism of everything corrupt in this cantos. The symbolism of the Pope shows everything that is not of God within Catholicism. It convinces readers to stand against the Catholic Church as a corrupt society because it does not use its power to do the work of God, but rather uses its power to increase the wealth of oneself. As a symbolism of corruption, Dante places a pope amongst the simonist to condemn the Catholic Church as an entity for their acts aga... ... middle of paper ... ...ugh the same thing. The fear he exhibits makes readers feel pity towards him because he is innocent and it creates a negative view of the church and of the government in Florence.
Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and the Essay. 4th ed. Ed. Robert DiYanni. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1998.
Critical Views on Canadian Writers: Archibald Lampman. Ed. Michael Gnarowski. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1970. Early, L.R.
One of the most prevalent of these ideas was his view that certain aspects of the church had become corrupt. This idea sharply contrasted previous Middle Age thought, which excepted the church’s absolute power and goodness unquestionably. He used corrupt church officials in his tales to illustrate to his audience that certain aspects of the church needed to be reformed. The most intriguing of these characters was the Pardoner. Chaucer’s satirical account of the Pardoner is written in a very matter-of-fact manner that made it even more unsettling with his audience.