Gradually, many private companies became restricted due to the huge number of workers. Hospitals were not available for all and childbirth was thought to be risky. Poverty forced people to crime, despite the harshness of the punishment. In the novel Great Expectation, Charles Dickens evolved the characters as vivid and believable. For example, Pip the hero, is not perfect or always right, like real people he misunderstand things and behave in ways that show him in a bad light.
(32) The Earnshaws do not seem to consider Heathcliff human. When he is introduced to the family, the children learn that Mr. Earnshaw lost their gifts in order to bring Heathcliff home. This leaves a bad taste in Hindley's mouth that will not go away. "Cathy, when she learnt the master had lost her whip in attending on the stranger, she showed her humour by grinning and spitting at the little thing." (33) Nelly says, "So, from the very beginning he bred bad feeling in the house; and at Mrs. Earnshaw's death, which happened in less than two years after, the young master had learnt to regard his father as an oppressor rather than a friend, and Heathcliff as a usurper of his father's affections and his privileges, and he grew bitter with brooding over these injuries."
And in Dombey and Son, Paul demonstrates that wealth does not guarantee longevity, as we watch him steadily weakened by some mysterious illness. Evidence is everywhere that Gaskell, Dickens, and many of their contemporaries, used fiction to chronicle a sad fact of l9th century life: Many children didn't live to become adults. At the Newell Historical Burial ground in Attleboro, the stone marking the graves of the Stanley family indicates that three children were either stillborn or died before their first birthdays. If there were any other children who survived childhood, they were probably daughters who were buried in their husbands' family plots. A typical grave from the mid-19th century is a husband's stone flanked by two or even three wives each but the last having died in her 20s or 30s.
“Mother always called him Prince; she worried about him all the time. I couldn’t think why. He was only my brother and a drop out at that” (117). The author portrays the son to be someone with low self-esteem because he is poor and a drop out he lives a miserable life. His mother tries to provide him with as much, but is unable to do this because of her social status is society.
He made a reasonable amount of money but was poor in handling his financial endeavors. In 1824, when the family plunged into debt, John was sent to debtors' prison at Marshalsea Prison. Charles, at age twelve, was sent to a Warren's Blacking House, to manufacture shoe polish. In The Man Charles Dickens, Edward Wagenknect looks at how Charles' experience with the blacking house had a deep impact on him: Charles seems to have been at this time, abnormally sensitive with some dim prescience of what was in store for him, and he suffered terribly, not only from his uncomfortable surroundings, but even more from the consciousness that he was getting no opportunity to develop his capacities and -... ... middle of paper ... ...t drawn to portraying children beset by suffering and evil" (117). Dickens also created these characters to testify to the mistreatment of children in Victorian society.
To create atmosphere Dickens drags out how Pip’s family is all dead and how Pip is alone in the world, “dead and buried”. This makes the readers feel sorry for Pip because he is all alone in the world and we don’t know yet whether he has somebody to look after him or not. However later on in the chapter we are told that he lives with his sister and her husband the blacksmith “[Mr. And] Mrs. Joe Gargery”. Dickens uses a lot of metaphors to describe what he is saying in the story “Savage lair from ... ... middle of paper ... ...man who may be heading towards the end of his life “A man whose legs are mumbled and stiff”. In the eyes of young Pip, he describes Magwitch as though he were “eluding the hands of the dead people,” this conveys an image of dead people pulling him in to the grave, which is a classical image of gothic literature “hellish” On the whole, the convict has a sense of humor “I wish I was a frog”, he also makes idle threats and his emotions are shown.
This connects to the book as Pip, after his visit to Satis House, believes that he has been brought up badly and that money is the only resource to give you any sort of 'real' identity. 'I was humiliated, hurt, spurned, offended, angry and sorry.' Pip feels inadequate in the company of Miss Havisham, the owner of Satis House, and Estella, Miss Havisham's foster daughter and perhaps this is Dickens felt when his father was sent to prison for being in debt and Dickens was sent to the blacking factory so he could provide money for the rest of his family. However Dickens began to feel that people were too greedy, and people had forgotten that having good friends and a safe place to live is much more important. Dickens and his family were looked down because of this, as they had gone from being an upper- class family to being a low working-class family.
He does this by making Pip read out the names of dead family members from the tombstones. Both of Pip’s parents were dead and all of his siblings had died as infants, which makes the reader sympathise for Pip. Life in the 19th century as an orphan boy looked horrible in Great Expectations. The reason for this is that, the way Pip was treated by his sister was harsh and cruel and his sister felt that Pip was a “Burden” upon her. Pip received hardly any compassion from his sister which was literally his only blood relative, so this was pretty sad making the image of an orphan boy’s life, dreary and miserable.
This gives us a feeling of guilt and sorrow as Pip is an orphan, which is also related to other books by Dickens such as 'Oliver Twist'. Pip is obviously very alone, apart from the fact that he is very close with Joe Gargery. When an escaped prisoner threatens Pip into stealing food from his home and giving it to him the next day, you feel sorry for Pip as you can see that he is not very confident, and that he is
Charles Dickens' Great Expectations Charles Dickens' novel Great expectations is set in the Victorian period and is highly related to the state of poverty that Dickens encountered on his rise to fame. It concerns the young boy Philip Pirrip (known as 'Pip') and his development through life after an early meeting with the escaped convict Abel Magwitch, who he treats kindly despite his fear. His unpleasant sister and her humorous and friendly blacksmith husband, Joe, bring him up. Crucial to his development as an individual is his introduction to Miss Havisham, a now aging woman who has given up on life after being left at the altar. Cruelly, Havisham has brought up her daughter Estella to revenge her own pain and so as Pip falls in love with her she is made to torture him in romance.