One of the most famous British naturalists and geologists, Charles Darwin developed and proved a theory that changed the world’s point of view. Darwin was most known for his theory of evolution. One of the main ideas of his theory was natural selection (“Charles Darwin”). He traveled the world studying different specimens and noticed their similarities and differences. He believed that all living things gradually evolved from common ancestors.
In October 1825, at age 16, Darwin applied at Edinburgh University along with his brother Erasmus. Two years later, Charles Darwin became a first-year student at Christ's College in Cambridge. His father assumed he would pursue in his footsteps and turn into a medical doctor, but the seeing of blood made Darwin uncomfortable. His father advised, that he should study to become a parson in preference, but Darwin was far more prone to study natural history. While Darwin was at Christ's College, botany professor John Stevens Henslow became his adviser.
He is an English naturalist who was born in Shrewsbury, England, on February 2, 1809 and lived till 1882. His father, Robert Waring Darwin was a physician and his grandfather on his dad’s side the famous Erasmus Darwin was also a physician, as well as an admired writer and naturalist. In October 1825 Darwin went to Edinburgh University where his grandfather studied to study medicine with a view to becoming a physician. He soon realized that he does not like the study of medicine and could not bear the sight of blood or suffering. So here changed schools and went to Cambridge to become a clergyman.
“He believed that there were “higher” species and also “lower” species, and the lower ones gave rise to the higher” (Rosenberger 3). He believed against the usual myths about how the universe came to be and had similar ideas to Darwin. In 1831, Charles was asked by Capt. Robert Fitz-Roy to set sail on the H. M. S. Beagle, which sailed around the world. “Charles was to record information about the geology,... ... middle of paper ... ...at evolutionary change was not just a myth; it was possible.
A third contention of Darwin's theory of evolution is that species change gradually over time by a process of inheriting very small differences. The mechanism for evolution, according to Darwin, is a process known as natural selection. Natural selection is based on the principle that occasionally an organism will develop a mutation that will increase its chances for survival. The progeny of this organism will inherit this advantage and will eventually become prevalent among the population as a result of this advantage. This will lead to a change in the gene pool of the species.
His most famous book, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859), is a landmark in human understanding of nature. Pointing to variability within species, Darwin observed that while offspring inherit a resemblance to their parents, they are not identical to them. He further noted that some of the differences between offspring and parents were not due soley to the environment but were themselves often inheritable. Animal breeders were often able to change the characteristics of domestic animals by selecting for reproduction those individuals with the most desirable qualities. Darwin reasoned that, in nature, individuals with qualities that made them better adjusted to their environments or gave them higher reproductive capacities would tend to leave more offspring; such individuals were said to have higher fitness.
In cognizance to Darwin’s theory(ies) scientists today gives him the credit as being the first in all time to explain some of the disagreements between geologists. Some of these where how some rock layers were higher than others in some are but in other areas they were lower. Early Years Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England on February 12, 1809. He was the son of Robert Warren Darwin, a family doctor and of Susannah Wedgewood Darwin daughter of a porcelain manufacturer. His grandfather, infact, was the great English poet Erasmus Darwin.
Charles Darwin was a British scientist who laid the foundation of modern evolutionary theory with his concept of the development of all forms of life through the slow-working process of natural selection. His work was of major influence on the life and earth sciences and on modern thought in general. Darwin was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, a small market town in Shropshire, England. His wealthy physician father was the son of Erasmus Darwin who had written Laws of Organic Life. His mother was the daughter of artisan Josiah Wedgwood of dinnerware fame.
Once the reluctant revolutionary, Charles Darwin, published his scientific findings in his book, On the Origin of Species, he forever changed and for centuries later shaped the world we live in. One of Darwin’s theories, supported by a large amount of evidence, which he published in this book, was that humans, along with all other living species, over time, are subject to evolve and change. This theory would later give birth to an entire new field, evolutionary psychology. Today, evolutionary psychology is an emerging, and still growing, field. Darwin’s evolutionary theory provided the framework to develop a new perspective, and thus field, in psychology.
It was Henslow who was influential in getting Darwin the position of naturalist on the boat The Beagle. In April of 1831, he graduated from the University. In the fall following his graduation, the government decided to send the H.M.S. Beagle, under the command of Captain Fitzroy, to complete an unfinished survey of Patagonia and Tierra Del Fuego to help map out the shores of Chile and Peru. Th e voyage w... ... middle of paper ... ...rstand or explain whatever I observed and group a ll facts under some general laws..." On April 19, 1882 Darwin died of a heart attack.