Characteristics of a Successful Candidate Selection Process

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A firm seeking to fill a vacancy has recruited a suitable pool of applicants. What characteristics should its selection process possess to ensure that the most suitable applicant is offered the job? Selection is an integral part of every organizations functioning, as it is the process by which suitable individuals are chosen, from a pool of applicants, of whom HR officers predict will most successfully perform within their job, as set out in the job description and person specification [Torrington, et al., 2002: 188]. While the duration and method of the selection process is versatile and may vary depending on the type of job and type of organization, there tends to be a common 5 stage process by which individuals are chosen. Using current HR models and economic theory on job description and person specification, this essay will examine the main characteristics of the selection process and how these are applied in organizations, such as “Lloyds TSB,” “ScottishPower,” and “Enterprise Rent-A-Car.” The importance of a sophisticated selection process may be described in terms of theoretical models such as the “Devanna model,” which emphasizes the interrelatedness of the principal human resource (HR) functions on each other [Bratton & Gold, 2012: 18]. The efforts put into the selection process, impact the performance of the worker, and subsequently the appraisal, rewards management and human resource development functions. In terms of performance, selecting applicants without the necessary qualifications and skills consequently leads to comparable lower productiveness. In terms of performance appraisal, selecting employees with incompatible organizational attitudes later requires a stronger supervision and a more frequent appraisal o... ... middle of paper ... ...anization. As outlined in the “Devanna Model” the interrelatedness of all principal HR functions would lead to costly consequences for the organization as a result of unsuitable applicants being chosen in the selection process. While the selection processes available are versatile, including models of probation, random selection, quota systems, empirical considerations, and intrinsic attributes, there are several common characteristics which are often found when selecting external candidates. These include CV screening, preliminary interviews, application forms, psychometric testing, assessment centres, interviews, medical examinations, and reference checks. As each method has a different validity and reliability, it is important for HR officers to use a combination of different methods to objectively predict and select the most suitable workers for the job.
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