The Venus of Urbino is the earlier piece dating back to 1538. It is an oil painting done by Titian, an Italian artist. It is of the goddess Venus, however depicted to be a more naturalistic woman, lying on a bed. She stares straight at the viewer, known as the female gaze, and seems to not care about her nudity. She is holding a bouquet of flowers in her right hand and her left hand covers up her pubic area. A dog sleeps on the end of her bed showing a symbol of marital fertility. Titian was commissioned by Guidobaldo II della Rovere, who was the Duke at the time, for his Bride as an “instruction model.” It would have decorated a chest that was a typical wedding present in Italy at the time. The controversy that this painting stirred was f...
Primavera is a 2.03m x 3.1m tempera panel painting by the famous Italian Early Renaissance painter, Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli and is currently housed by the Uffizi Gallery of Florence, Italy. D’Ancona suggests that the painting was produced around 1482, and was commissioned for a member of the Medici family, a powerful political and banking house in Florence. . Such large format paintings were not unusual in private residences of affluent families. Primavera was part of a decoration in Pierfrancesco’s house in Florence, where it was hung or fixed above a lettuccio, which is a kind of settle that stood and fixed against the wall in the chamber next to Lorenzo’s bedroom. Moreover, D’Ancona supported this idea by stating that the painting was framed in a white frame, and white is an appropriate colour for weddings. Likewise, Venus e...
Lorenzo De Medici can be considered as one of the most influential men of the 13th century. His work in political affairs and administration were renowned in all Italy and his family could count on him in every aspect. Lorenzo was also a promoter of a new period called Renaissance. He was one of the first “mecenate” to explore this new way of art. In this project, I will concentrate how he developed art in Florence, giving a clear example through an Artist of that period that was working for him: Sandro Botticelli. His work “The Spring” is a well-defined example of what we can call “art in the Renaissance”, in particular for the Italian Renaissance.
The painting I chose today is called ‘Fidelia and Speranza’, part of Putnam collection, by Benjamin West and was painted in 1776. The Fidelia and Speranza painting is Oil on canvas painting. ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬The current location of this painting is in the Timken Museum in San Diego, California. Benjamin West worked mainly in London, Roma, and Philadelphia. Benjamin was an American- British painter and was born in October 1738 and died in March of 1820; born in Pennsylvania but lived his entire life in England from the year of 1763. This painting has dimensions of about 54 by 43 inches. Fidelia and Speranza mean Faith and hope.
In an attempt to comprehend the allegorical meaning behind Botticelli’s painting, one must first understand the use of mythological figures during the Renaissance. As Europe began to move away from the stylistic nuances of the medieval period, the interest in studying the classical world became increasingly popular. Renaissance artists and philosopher’s believed that the ancients had the ability to create true beauty. In order to attain this same perfection, the contemporary artists attempted to emulate the art of antiquity. Furthermore, “the depiction of classical mythology provided a more ambitious vehicle for the artist than purely devotional subjects.” The allegory of spring – the alternative title and subsequent interpretation was applied
He also illustrates principles of design. If you were to place a vertical line on the picture plane the two sides would balance each other out. The painting can also be divided half horizontally by the implied divisional line above the horses head and the sword of the man who St. Dominic has brought back to life. Contour horizontal lines that give the expression that the dead man on the ground is sliding out of the picture plane, and dominate the bottom of the painting. On the top of the picture plane, behind the spectators is the brightest intermediate color, which is red orange that gives the impression of a sunrise.
Mars is the God of war; and Venus is the Goddess of love.(These are the Roman names for the Greek Gods; which in Greek Venus was called Aphrodite and Mars was actually called Aries.) The theme of this painting has to do with Roman mythology. Cupid is tying Mars and Venus together. There are many different explanations that people have came up with to explain this painting. There is always that tie between love and war, even the saying “make love not war”. The most common translation would be [Venus, the woman symbolizes chastity transformed by love into charity and that the horse held back by an armed cupid is an emblem of passion restrained](Metropolitan Museum of Art, pg.185)
The artists of the Baroque had a remarkably different style than artists of the Renaissance due to their different approach to form, space, and composition. This extreme differentiation in style resulted in a very different treatment of narrative. Perhaps this drastic stylistic difference between the Renaissance and Baroque in their treatment of form, space, and composition and how these characteristics effect the narrative of a painting cannot be seen more than in comparing Perugino’s Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to St. Peter from the Early Renaissance to Caravaggio’s Conversion of St. Paul from the Baroque.Perugino was one of the greatest masters of the Early Renaissance whose style ischaracterized by the Renaissance ideals of purity, simplicity, and exceptional symmetry of composition. His approach to form in Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to St.Peter was very linear. He outlined all the figures with a black line giving them a sense of stability, permanence, and power in their environment, but restricting the figures’ sense of movement. In fact, the figures seem to not move at all, but rather are merely locked at a specific moment in time by their rigid outline. Perugino’s approach to the figures’themselves is extremely humanistic and classical. He shines light on the figures in a clear, even way, keeping with the rational and uncluttered meaning of the work. His figures are all locked in a contrapposto pose engaging in intellectual conversation with their neighbor, giving a strong sense of classical rationality. The figures are repeated over and over such as this to convey a rational response and to show the viewer clarity. Perugino’s approach to space was also very rational and simple. He organizes space along three simple planes: foreground, middle ground, and background. Christ and Saint Peter occupy the center foreground and solemn choruses of saints and citizens occupy the rest of the foreground. The middle distance is filled with miscellaneous figures, which complement the front group, emphasizing its density and order, by their scattered arrangement. Buildings from the Renaissance and triumphal arches from Roman antiquity occupy the background, reinforcing the overall classical message to the
In my opinion, this picture was way more than the nudeness of the female. It represented natural beauty and love. The soft pastels and flowers floating in the water made it seem natural and peaceful. The details that appear in her hair and the lines of her pose were very elegant and made the piece so beautiful. The details of her hair blowing in the wind and the drape blowing like a flag. Although she is nude I believe Botticelli showed the femininity and curves of her body in a romantic way. In much of my research she was referred to as the ancient Goddess of Love- Born of the Sea.
We live in an era that is so saturated with images, making it seem unimaginable to live at a time when only the wealthiest of people had their likeness captured. Well, that was the situation during the renaissance era, though. Believe it or not, before the fancy cameras, there was a time when the only way to produce one’s portrait wass by hand. It was very time-consuming, and well, money-consuming. However, the sketching and painting were not a problem, since the renaissance is said to be one of the most creative periods in history. It occurred in Europe around 1350–1550, and Italy was the powerhouse of this cultural revival. The gem of the era was unarguably, Leonardo da Vinci. The life and work of Leonardo da Vinci highlighted the era, and one in particular became the most loved and treasured work of all time; The Mona Lisa. The masterpiece is done with such an exquisite technique that involves perfect shading that is almost impossible to replicate, and now it is the most recognized painting in the world. In spite of the technicalities, this Mona Lisa mania has little to do with the painting itself, but rather more about its dubuous nature.