Carl R. Rogers theorized that through providing a certain kind of relationship with the client, one in which empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence were present, the client would “discover within himself the capacity to the relationship for growth, and change and personal development” . As a counselor empathy is essential as it allows me to enter my clients internal frame of reference, while still retaining a problem-solving stance. Entering the client’s internal frame of reference means I must consider the emotions and thoughts of the client, it is similarly vital not to get lost in the internal frame of reference as this creates the distinction between sympathy and empathy. Unconditional positive regard, also called acceptance is essential as it plays a role in creating a helping relationship in which the client feels safe to express any negative emotions or thoughts, while being... ... middle of paper ... ...ing silence, paraphrasing and reflection of feelings, as well as non-verbal skills such as body-language and active listening are all used in order to allow the client to introspect and work with their problems in a safe environment, the role of the counselor within the relationship being to support the client and help them to reach their true potential by expressing emotions and thoughts that they can’t express outside of the helping relationship, whether it be for fear of rejection or some other reason. Works Cited • Hough, M. 2010.
As a professional in a helping role, I know the value of Rogers’s Theory as it applies to helping individuals make changes in their lives. Individuals know themselves best, and if they are seeking help, it is very important for the helper to get to know that person. The process of sharing or exchanging information, however, is only successful if the client feels comfortable enough to reveal intimate details about themselves. The helper facilitates that process by being present, attentive, empathetic, genuinely interested, and non-judgmental. People need to feel safe in order to reveal sensitive information, and it is the helper’s role to create such an environment that will promote exploration and ultimately an increased sense of health.
Gestalt therapy helps clients focus on the here-and-now experience and helps them recognize their awareness by using different techniques during therapy. The reason why I decided to focus on this theoretical orientation was because in contrast to other therapies, the client is deeply involved in the therapy; coming up with their conclusions and discovering their self-awareness in the process, which helps them recognize their self, instead of continuing to focus on their ideal self. With the client being aware of their emotion, thoughts, and their environment, they will be able have insight on what they can do to resolve their current problems and have a holistic view of life. The therapist’s goal is to facilitate the therapy, focusing on the clients verbal and nonverbal behaviors, assisting them to be more self-reliant, and helping them focus on the present. During therapy, there is a continuous dialogue between the client and the therapist, in which the therapist shows warmth and acceptance (Jones-Smith, 2012).
Introduction Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the importance of thoughts on producing behaviors. The fundamental principle of CBT is for counselors to assist clients in changing their negative thought patterns and recreate these into positive self-enhancing thoughts. The therapeutic relationship is grounded on collaboration between the counselor and the client. The counselor plays an active role but relies on the client to make changes. Together, the counselor and client will develop realistic goals that are achievable within an appropriate amount of time (Corey, 2017).
The ability to perceive Self-awareness of oneself is a key part in moral choice making, since morals are more than a set of rules. With the reality that the professional can perceive emotions, feeling, and have empathy for the client’s endeavors. This will help the professional to intertwined with good ethical decision for the client (Pawlukewicz, 2013). If the Human service professionals are aware of their own beliefs, values and cultural backgrounds, they can recognize the importance of others backgrounds. This way they can competently provide a better service to their clients.
The person-to-person counselling relationship is a special type of relationship, established by a client seeking help and has a particular purpose. This relationship is a partnership based on mutual respect and collaboration and involves trust and expectation that the counsellor will provide with a safe and secure environment which will benefit the process of counselling or treatment (Gerald & Gerald 2012, p. 373). It is a very important for counsellor to understand that counselling relationship is not an equal and the counsellor has a position of power while the person seeking for help is usually in the position of influence (Gerald & Gerald 2012, p. 373). Ethical communication is essential in any professional field (O’Toole 2008, p. 138). There are different Codes of Ethics exist to establish ethical principles and guidelines for practitioners.
The therapist will respond to the clients perception of their reality at that moment. A good rapport between therapist and client is required for empathic attunement to occur and this is something that may develop over time (Ferraro). Trust will need to be built between the therapist and client so that the client can explore their feelings and concerns knowing they are in a safe enviroment. Fear and anxiety may cause the client to stop exploring along with misattunement and non attunement on the therapists part ( McCluskey, Hooper & Miller). Effective empathic attunement requires the therapist to focus on the clients process whilst being aware of their internal processes along with recognising the boundaries between the client and themselves ( Erskine,
One must have attending behaviors this includes eye contact, attentive listening, body posture, overall empathy and warmth. In order to be a successful counselor when using the ABC model, it is important to have knowledge of cultural sensitivity (Kanel, 2007). According to Kanel crisis workers must remember that the attending behavior of different cultural and ethnic groups may vary in style, and as a clinician one may need to adapt when working with certain cultures (Kanel, 2007). Another important skill a clinician must possess is the skill ask questions properly without seeming judgmental. Most often in this model, it is important to use open ended questions in order to learn more information about the precipitating event.
This is developed by being honest and candid with the client so as to win the heart of the client. Secondly, George should emulate the good recording keeping helping him observe high confidentiality and demonstrate this by jotting down notes when conversing with the client (Kwong, 2014). This gives him to conduct an effective counseling exercise where both end making an effective decision, take control of the exercise, and stick to the schedule. Additionally, George can improve his therapist skills by identifying the negative trends and thoughts of the client and replacing them with positive ones. This adjudicates coming up with goals and creating requisite action plan with client.
Furthermore, Gestalt therapy aides the client in integrating parts of themselves and resolving unfinished business that could be contributing to current problems (Smith, 2012). To achieve these positive changes, as a therapist I will need to frustrate the client in order to generate motivation to self-actualize (Smith, 2012). Additionally, helping the client learn how to create healthy contact boundaries with others and their environment will decrease maladaptive behaviors.