According to Holl (1989), the most distinctive feature of architecture instead of the other activities is to stem from being an integral part of a place. This means that place is a ground with its inside and outside and constitutes the basis of both the building and the design. Holl’s architectural manner contains the responsibility of focusing on the urban voids in architectural design. In his essay named as “Modernizm’in Yerellikle Uzlaşma Arayışı: Holl” , Abdi Güzer (1995) mentions about the concept of anchoring of Holl that the exterior voids are not only the ground of the building but also of design concepts. Also, the building does not always have a change in order to take part in music, film or art, thus every building has only one place.
Critical regionalism can be seen as an approach to architecture that tries to stand up for places, culture and identifies of a place where Modern Architecture has failed to, by using the building's geographical context and reference of vernacular architecture. Frampton (1983:76). The term critical regionalism was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and, with a somewhat different meaning, by Kenneth Frampton. Paul Ricoeur wrote: “The phenomenon of universalization, while being an advancement of mankind, at the same time constitute a sort of subtle destruction, not only of traditional cultures… but also what I shall call… the creative nucleus of great cultures…. We have the feeling that single world civilization at the same time exerts a sort of attrition or wearing away at the expense of the cultural resources which have made the great civilizations of the past” (Cole, Lorch, 2003:120).
The initial phase for any design process is recognizing a problematic condition and finding a solution to that problem. Design itself is a willful act, a purposeful venture that parallels the ideals and principles of the progression of society. First, a designer must acknowledge the existing conditions of the problem in its context, and then obtain all relevant information that would later be analyzed. The fundamental, physical manifestations of architecture accommodate human activity, where designers study the arrangement and ordering of forms and spaces to promote endeavors, elicit responses, and communicate meaning. In its simplest form, architecture, one of the highest manifestations of nature, is the carrier of culture, embodies the human spirit.
Phenomenology aids the integration of sensory perception as a function of a built form, because it provides experience for its users. Every architectural intervention is constructed using physical materials, but it can create experiences that are beyond the tangible world. To do this, I selected three examples of steven holl’s works, he puts forward the tactility of design in practicing architecture. He aimed at connecting the intellect with senses, idea with phenomena and body with environment. For Holl, the experiential potential of architecture provides the discipline to establish such a connection; the connecting dimension of architecture is because of the phenomenal properties of a built form.
Deconstructivist Theory – in respect to architectural practice – aimed to create structures that characterised unpredictability and chaos in a controlled environment, distorting and dislocating typical architectural elements such as structure. This design principle focuses primarily on the externality of the building, by pushing and challenging the boundaries of traditional architectural conventions regarding structural practicality. The practitioners of deconstructivism - whilst influenced by Derrida’s philosophy and interests in radical formalism- took their physical i... ... middle of paper ... ..., separate to its postmodernist counterpart, contrasting in terms of structural geometry, physicality and concept. Where deconstructivist architecture attempts to defy the laws of physics -using rectilinear shapes and patterns- to present an atypical structural envelope that pushes the boundaries of inventiveness and continuity, postmodernism in stark contrast favours traditional and ‘normal’ processes that exude predictability and emphasise the lack of importance placed on the aestheticism of the building. As a result deconstructivist architecture and the theories on which it is based is separated from postmodernism and identified as an architectural principle of its own, with this new form of architecture now being considered the new Art Nouveau for the modern architect, with an everlasting impact on the practice of architecture for years to come.
To ensure the sustained development of human civilization, architects should become protectors, connoisseurs, and creators to our culture. There are many historic buildings still exist in our surroundings, and we recognize them by analyzing their features. However, in the development of the building itself, the things that have long-lasting force are not the decorative feature. They are things that reveal a connection to history. Typology in architecture establishes a connection to the history and a metaphorical connection when we recognize it from a form.
As Essay Associating Modernist Architecture, “Form And Function” And Louis H. Sullivan, the Father of Modernist Architecture In general, modern architecture is characterized by the simplification of form and the creation of ornaments from structures and themes of buildings. As stated by US General Service administration (2003), it is a term applied to an overarching movement, with its exact definition and scope varying widely [US General Service administration (2003)]. Form follows function is a famous principle associated with the modern architecture as well as industrial designs of 20th century. This principle stated that the shape of a building or object should primarily be based upon its intended function or purpose. This particular essay going to illustrate the following questions from historical and contextual basis.
The construction of architectural work is evidence of human skill to transform ideas into concrete actualities. Architecture exists in the real world only by the assemblage and erection of concrete materials. Buildings constructed by these materials could convey a specific meaning by structural disruption and disharmony in pieces, but unless there resides a practical usefulness, we lose our curiosity the moment its statement is understood. The building as a whole is judged by the quality of connections in its parts. It is through architecture that relies a rationale in the design of a building.
Critical Regionalism could also be seen as the best solution to cultural issues and the problems of architectural identity. Frampton’s argument is that critical regionalism should not only answer to context, but it should also value the progress of universal modern architecture. Critical Regionalism, defined by Fred S. Matter “… is an attempt to synthesize the rooted aspects of a region, including physical and cultural characteristics, with appropriate current technology. It is the search for an architecture that is meaningful within its context and at the same time participates in the more universal aspects of a contemporary mobile society.” (Matter. F.S: 1989) In this essay I will discuss how concrete regionalism was presented in the work of Le Corbusier who is the most classic example of this movement, Oscar Niemeyer, and Antoine Predock .
Research on his projects will help understand how efficient presentation of particular cultural values is done by the architectural works Literature review Review of architectural projects will enlighten the researchers on the thought of other scholars about the link of architecture and culture through Architecture as an instrument of culture Architecture is hereby viewed as a dependent variable on other independent variables. Not only is it dependent on culture but also depends on political and socioeconomic factors. It has been established that architecture represents the values of culture since it reconfirms t... ... middle of paper ... ...ons. Critical architecture and architectural critic Despite his isolated way of reasoning far from cultural beliefs, Mies studies were also met by a variety of limitation. The authority of architects though exists, is very sensitive.