Homer 's epic The Iliad written in 800-700BCE displays a war between the Trojans and the Greeks. Achilles and Hector are two of the main characters in the poem who are caught in this war. Hector is on the Trojan side and Achilles is a part of the Greek army. In the poem Homer uses rage to uproot the fate of both men and also included the God’s as the story is being told. “In the Absence of God, fate becomes the agent of retribution. Hector has to pay for Patroclus’ inglorious death, just as Achilles, later on will pay for the death of Hector” (Bespaloff 43). With this being said fate works in its own favor and time for these things to happen, regardless if the characters try to adjust this. Despite similarities as great warriors, the pair
Throughout the text, major characters seem to be at constant battle with their different emotions. This inner conflict is mirrored by the everyday conflicts between the gods. Just as Zeus and Hera are constantly at odds with one another, so are the different sides of Achilles: his cultural responsibility, pride, honor, and revenge. No one is completely at peace with his or her conflicting emotions in The Iliad – and therefore, neither are the gods, who represent these emotions. Hector is a prime example of a human who finds himself torn between two forces: his love for his growing family, and his duty as a prince of Troy. He admits to Andromache that he worries about his own mortality, but emphasizes that “I would die of shame to face the men of Troy…if I would shrink from battle now, a coward.” (Homer 6: 523, 525). Hector’s deeply ingrained sense of honor and loyalty to home is clearly established in the beginning of the text. Therefore, when Zeus later grants Hector “power to kill and kill till you cut your way to the benched ships” (Homer 11: 241-242), it is not too much of a stretch to attribute Hector’s dodged perseverance to his upbringing and rigid sense of duty, rather than to the
Within book six of the Iliad, we see how warfare interferes with personal relationships such as a marriage. Homer wants us to see not just how the soldiers suffer and feel alone during war, but also how their families feel as well. Hector’s wife doesn’t want him to go to war, because she knows how strong the Greeks are and Andromache also knows that Hector will be killed. Hector also knows he will be killed, but he makes this sacrifice to fight in the war, not only for his city of Troy but also for his family. Within this scene, we see the irony of war. Although war is terrible, and it dehumanizes soldiers and leaves them often emotionless, they also develop a sense of belonging, they gain new leadership traits and valuable human qualities such as comradeship, loyalty, and most of all- courage. These are all virtues Hector shows us in book 6. Homer wants us to see the very few but positive effects war has on soldiers. Although war tears families apart, soldiers become part of a family; a brotherhood and these relationships help them develop qualities they may have never developed before. Hector is courageous enough to finish fighting, although he knows he will lose, he is still loyal to his family by trying to provide a better life for them after the war has ended, and also to his brothers, by standing by them and fighting the Greeks off together, finishing this fight strong, representing his city as a leader, not as a scared soldier who chose to run away and be safe. Hector shows us he thinks critically, logically, not emotionally like Agamemnon did, which led to the Greeks being
The Iliad focuses its narrative on the glories of heroes in the Trojan War, particular Achilles and Hector. Although both are heroes for their side, they have complex personalities that explain their actions. Indeed, as one reads through the poem, it seems that they have nothing in common. They do not share motives for fighting, similar views concerning the immortals, or perspective concerning relationships of those around them, yet they are united by characteristics that constitute a hero as we understand one. Despite their differences, Achilles and Hector both place value on bravery, fight on behalf of others, and see the humanity in those they are fighting with and against.
Achilles demonstrated the values of determination, great bravery, strength and skills to accomplish many achievements as a warrior in the 10 year span of the Trojan War. When he meets with Agamemnon’s messengers, Achilles even points out how he conquered several Trojan cities by land and sea, and contributed to Agamemnon’s treasures as a result of his achievements as a great warrior. Hector also proves he is strong, brave and determined, but he also shows he is responsible to his people. Hector loyally supports his family, even though he does not agree with brother’s decisions and actions. He leads fearlessly in battle, to uphold his responsibilities to the Trojan people, as he was raised to do so. Even when Hector’s wife pleads with him to stay with her and their son, he responds by following his duty and not his personal desires. To me, these values are reflected in the George Washington statue by the sword held in his hand, which is reflective of the great sense of duty to the cause, bravery and skill George Washington demonstrated in the Revolutionary
The epic poem, The Iliad by Homer depicts the Trojan War and its Heroic Heroes. Heroism is the qualities of a character of a person that makes them great. Two Characters seen as heroic are Achilles and Hector, however; Hector is more heroic because he is decisive, his perseverance and personality.
As with all great stories there must always be some sort of love between characters so the character would take some risk to protect the beloved. In “The Iliad” there is much love in the air that hector is willing to kill himself to protect his beloved city from the Greeks to protect his beloved wife, and son “Hector fights primarily out of a sense of responsibility to his city, and his family…Mainly, though, we get a sense of Hector's devotion from his interactions with his wife,” (shmoop editorial team). Although hector is killed hector’s devotion and loyalty to his city, and his family is an inspiration to all as well as a great depression from the great loss of Troy’s greatest warrior, and only hope. Hector always believes that one day that his beloved son will be a better fighter than himself, and would be able to protect the city that hector would die protecting. Another person that too had a love for another is Achilleus to Briseis, although Briseis was one of Achilles’s slaves, and Achilleus fell in love with Briseis, and Briseis likewise. Like any star stru...
“ My Hector. It is for him I have come to the Greek ships, to get him back from you. I’ve brought a fortune in ransom. Respect the gods, Achilles. Think of your own father, and pity me. I am more pitiable. I have born what no man who has walked this earth has ever yet borne. I have kissed the hand of the man who killed my son” ( Book 2...
Achilles and Hector: Warriors, Men, and Heroes as Depicted in Homer 's The Iliad Homer 's epic heroic poem, The Iliad, was written in the 7th century BC. The Iliad concentrates on the Trojan War, a years-long series of battles during which a group of kings from Greece (primarily led by Agamemnon) repeatedly attacked the city of Troy. The reason for the war was to win back Helen, who was the wife of Agamemnon 's brother, Menelaus. Helen had been "stolen" by Hector 's younger brother, the Trojan prince Paris. Helen had incredible beauty and over a thousand ships were launched by the Greeks to attack Troy, giving us the phrase "the face that launched a thousand ships".
Homer’s Iliad focuses on the war and its heroes, their emotions and their ultimate glory. In Book 6 of the Iliad, Hector comes home for the last time and shows tenderness as a father, “Then his beloved father laughed out and his honored mother, and at once glorious Hector lifted from his head the helmet… Then taking up his dear son he tossed him about his arms, and kissed him.” This quotation shows us the tender and fatherly nature of Hector while he is still fighting a war. Homer is emphasizing that although one can love his wife and his children, fighting for the city is always the highest duty for a soldier, which transcends all his other personal responsibilities. As Hector leaves, his wife cries; “so glorious Hector spoke and again took up the helmet with its crest of horse-hair, while his beloved wife went homeward turning to look back on the way letting the love tears fall.” Hector’s wife understands that the ultimate glory of a soldier lies in carrying fighting the war bravely and fearlessly, Even though she ...