The Progressive Presidents wanted to achieve the objectives of the Populist movement because they wanted to improve society without liquidating capitalism by regulating industry, finance, transportation, and agriculture. The People’s Party which was the populist party of 1892 was completely against “Laissez Faire” because it created disadvantages for the smaller companies and advantages for the larger and wealthier companies. The Populist Movement pressed for government regulation or ownership of railroads and banks because the government would charge the minor businesses a high price and the monopolies were charged with low expenses inferred by th...
In conclusion, both the populist and the progressives had different approaches to how they would regulate the social, economic, and political balance. In the late 19th century and early 20th century the United States did not have a modern government and these two political parties were the most powerful institutions instructing towards change. The populist and progressive eras were both in favor of leveling out the economy and social statuses. The improvement of poverty was also in favor of both parties. Overall, the progressive movement varies mostly from the populist movement in centering more on reforming the political process as a whole rather than paying full attention on the economic system.
The second part of the Jim Crow Policy was the taking away of the freed slaves’ political rights. A few examples of this are poll taxes, Literacy tests, and the grandfather clause. The southern congress knew that all most all of the freed slaves were poor. Making everyone pay a poll tax to vote would eliminated most of the blacks chances on voting. Since it was illegal for slaves to learn how to read the congress knew that many of the freed slaves did not have the time to learn since being freed. This caused a law stating that you had to pass a literacy test before voting. Even if a freed slave could pay a toll tax and pass a literacy test they still had to deal with the grandfather clause. This clause stated that your grandfather had to be a registered voter in 1960 in order for you to vote.
During the 20th century, middle class reformers known as progressives sought the modernization in America as a big issue and it has plagued the society. Progressives has shared similar goals and demands with Populist movement who unsuccessfully championed such as, popular petition can be voted to make turn into a law, a referendum and direct voting of senators instead of voting through state legislatures. The only difference is the status of the member of the two groups, Populist was composed of poor farmers, while Progressives were composed of middle-class with usually high level of education and therefore, resulting into a great influence. Some Progressives focuses on the issues like government regulation of economy and electoral process. Some worked for women suffrage, lowering the number of divorce, improvement in education, government inspection of food and drugs, abolishing prostitution and abortion, temperance, immigration restriction and improvement in wages and working conditions of many workers, especially for working mothers and children. Some progressives supported these reforms, but others just focus in one cause, such as breaking up the monopolistic companies. Reformers sought monopoly as a mockery to the free market principles. Progressive believed that the involvement of the Federal government in the economy was necessary to secure the liberty and values of America. Not until the Populist and Progressive movement, government had often intervened. Progressives prioritized the good nature of society as a whole, by asserting individual freedom that does not believe in laissez-faire ideology rooted in the idea that civil liberty can be protected by restricting the government power.
A certain degree of racial equality for the blacks is what Reconstruction tried to achieve. The 14th and 15th amendments, two important amendments to the constitution, laid the basis for protection by the government of the political and civil rights of blacks in the United States. Throughout the 19th century, the amendments were misused by the Supreme Court to protect business corporates from state regulation. Those that framed these amendments strongly believed that they were providing a constitutional fortification for free blacks in America (Pink Monkey).
...in opposition to the Populist movement. With McKinley’s victory in the election of 1896, many so-called Populists go away, but their ideas do not. This sets the stage for the Progressive movement that will develop in prominence with the Presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson, spanning twenty years. Labor laws develop throughout the nation during this time period, including laws setting restrictions on child labor, as well as better conditions for production of food products. The Sixteenth Amendment, ratified in 1913, created the federal government’s first tax on incomes, in the beginning only on wealthy individuals. As the nation entered the period known as the “Gilded Age,” policies initially supported by Populists were the foundations for reforms that would have a positive effect on society as a whole in the years to come.
...hey lacked the followers that would enable them to push their ideas further, so in the end the Populists slowly died out but the ideas remained which became a driving force during the progressive era. The Populists can be seen as the stepping stone which it gathered and helped people to realize that a change was needed, without this would the progressive era still have the drive that brought people together?
As president, Grant tried to foster a peaceful reconciliation between the North and South. He supported pardons for former Confederate leaders while also attempting to protect the civil rights of freed slaves. In 1870, the 15th Amendment, which gave black men the right to vote, was ratified. Grant signed legislation aimed at limiting the activities of white terrorist groups like the Ku Klux Klan that used violence to intimidate blacks and prevent them from voting. At various times, the president stationed federal troops throughout the South to maintain law and order. Critics charged that Grant’s actions violated states’ rights, while others contended that the president did not do enough to protect
... for a certain candidate could determine the outcome of an election. Beatings, whippings, and raids on black homes continued throughout the South. Educated blacks and black leaders were persecuted and killed in order to persuade other blacks to refrain from objecting to longstanding policies.
In 1865, when Johnson declared reconstruction to be over, many Republicans, appalled at this, took action by refusing to seat Southerners that had recently been elected into Congress. Surprisingly enough, when the Civil Rights Bill came along abolishing the Black Codes and giving all people equal rights, Johnson passed it along with another bill. This action once again gave the African Americans more freedom. This was when Johnson’s prejudice against African Americans began to show up more and more. Around this time, two major bills were proposed; one of them was the Civil Rights bill. This bill would completely veto all of the Black Codes and give African American’s citizenship rights. The Houses passed it, but Johnson being prejudiced did not support it and vetoed both bills. The Civil Rights bill soon became the first bill to ever be passed over presidential veto. Congress began to come up with its own plan for reconstruction; it would help the African Americans. Despite this support, the African Americans still had not gained their right to vote. In 1866 the Fourteenth Amendment was passed and issues of civil rights for blacks came up repeatedly. Johnson was still trying to push his reconstruction program, which did not help the Northerners trying to get the South to ratify this amendment. In 1867 the New Reconstruction Act was passed once again over presidential veto.