Family Structure in the Nineteenth Century Missing Tables Abstract Family structure in the United States has undergone a dramatic change since the 1960's. The percentage of female-headed households increased while the percentage of married couple households declined. This paper uses data from the Urban Underclass Database to explain the roles the transforming economy (from manufacturing to service) and the subsequent employment dislocation play in the family structure change. Results for the largest 100 cities in the United States find support for a relationship between changes in the economy, subsequent male unemployment, and family structure change. Male unemployment had a positive effect on the growth of female-headed families in both 1980 and 1990.
Sociology Families have changed greatly over the past 60 years, and they continue to become more diverse. Why the family is considered the most important agent of socialization? What caused the dramatic changes to the American family? What are those changes? Describe the differences in marriage and family life that are linked to class, race, gender, and personal choice.
It is how new members of society come to be, are socialized, and learn what is and is not acceptable. The family is a team effort between a man and a woman to procreate and raise children who will carry on the further generations. In addition, there are many aspects of society that also influence individuals and form them into the people they become. Overtime, many aspects of society change and many times this shift affects social institutions. In union with this topic, over time people’s interactions and experiences have shaped them to view the family differently. We have seen this through the data displayed through MicroCase. In the end, functionalist theory summarizes the analysis of the data I have given and shows that cultural change, age cohorts, and divorce affect the way individuals view the
Gail Sheely once said, “If we don’t change, we don’t grow. And if we don’t grow, we aren’t really living.” The family, especially in America, is the epitome of this quote – the American family is always growing and changing (not always for the better) and finding new ways and ideas that are constantly redefining the word family. Over the past century, the structure of families has changed greatly. Also, the roles and responsibilities of the individual members of families have changed drastically. Perhaps receiving the biggest change is the morals and values that families observe.
The shape of the American Family has changed dramatically over the last few decades. The number of children living in single parent homes have nearly doubled in the last fifty years. Many have offered their opinions and many have done studies to demonstrate the effects of the non-traditional family in today’s society. Statistics have shown that single parent families are out of the norm, on the other hand researchers say these families are just new variations on the idea that constitutes a family.
Comparing its structure and function as it was in 1960 with what it had become in 1990 can highlight the dramatic changes in the American family. Until 1960 most Americans shared a common set of beliefs about family life; family should consist of a husband and wife living together with their children. The father should be the head of the family, earn the family's income, and give his name to his wife and children. The mother's main tasks were to support and enable her husband's goals, guide her children's development, look after the home, and set a moral tone for the family. Marriage was an enduring obligation for better or worse and this was due much to a conscious effort to maintain strong ties with children. The husband and wife jointly coped with stresses. As parents, they had an overriding responsibility for the well being of their children during the early years-until their children entered school, they were almost solely responsible. Even later, it was the parents who had the primary duty of guiding their children's education and discipline. Of course, even in 1960, families recognized the difficulty of converting these ideals into reality. Still, they devoted immense effort to approximating them in practice. As it turned out, the mother, who worked only minimally--was the parent most frequently successful in spending the most time with her children. Consequently, youngsters were almost always around a parental figure -- they were well-disciplined and often very close with the maternal parent who cooked for them, played with them, and saw them off to and home from school each day.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, a family is "a group of two or more people who reside together and who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption.” (Eutk). In the beginning, family was considered to be all of the individuals who contributed to the household as far as bringing in money; including servants and non-parental adults, who are also considered part of the family if they play a large role in the upbringing or care-taking of children other than their own. But in fact, over the last few centuries until present day, the institution of the family has completely changed. In the late-18th Century, marriage was considered just a union based on love, but as time passed, there were other financial, social, and political shifts in the United States and in other countries. Throughout our course readings in Gender Studies, we see the ideas of continuity and change in regards to the American family unit. There were multiple factors that influenced the institution of the family unit, including the argument that marriage was seen as a contract of survival, the privatization of marriage, as well as the idea that traditional families never existed.
Changes that Affect the Structure and Functioning of Contemporary American Families Did you know in a national study of high school seniors, 76 percent said it was "extremely important" to have a good marriage and family life? Did you know a husband-wife family in the U.S. may spend as much as a third of their annual income on a child? Did you know that in 1948, nearly half of the public said there were some racial or ethnic groups with whom they would prefer not to work, including African Americans, Mexicans, Filipinos, Chinese, Jews, and Italians; in 1993 only 9 percent felt this way? Did you know in 1997, only 17 percent of households conformed to the traditional model of a wage-earning father, a stay-at-home mother, and one or more children?
A family I might come across professionally would likely be a blended family. Not only do people get divorced more frequently now but my career field puts a lot of stress on families leading to even higher divorce rates. Blended families are already quite common and are less stigmatized than in the past. While I am not from one or having one anywhere in my family I did know some in school and the kids were just like everyone else.