Marx views religion as a way of creating excuses and providing reasons to escape from our problems, seeking for divine intervention in the hope that it will make the world a better place. People will momentarily run away from their problems when they arise and seek for higher powers to calm them down. Marx therefore did not associate himself with religion as much as he lived without offending people. According to Marx “religion is the opium of the people.” This notion illustrates that religion creates an illusion of fantasies to the less fortunate people in the society. In these economic hard times life has become unbearable to many thus to Karl Marx religion is used as scapegoat from the reality.
He created some turmoil in the Catholic Church community with some of his ideas on what religion should be. Using the printing press as his weapon of choice, Luther looked to spread his ideas around to the common man. One of his ideas that the Church considered to be radical was his theory that there was no need for a priest. Luther also believed in a sort of pre-destination, in which he claims that God has already decided who is going to heaven and who is going to hell. This naturally had upset the Church, because if people had believed that priests were obsolete, they would stop going to Church and making contributions.
First of all, as this movement occurred in the renaissance, humanism was on the air and all the humanist ideas were being spread, so people were thinking more rationally, thus questioning the church and its ways of working. Also, the printing press as recently invented, and it helped dispersing the protestant ideas worldwide. Also, the monarchs or Europe challenged the church and the pope’s power, since church was even more powerful than some of the European kingdoms and monarchies. European monarchies did not like that the church was wealthy and had influence upon people, so they got against the church and its pope. Furthermore, church wealth and power tended to be abused by some of the members of the clergy.
He was concerned to the point of obsession about sin and his search for salvation, and with help from his studies and desire for the truth; he became one of the biggest critics of the Catholic Church. Luther had many issues with the church, but his loathing for venality, the selling of things the church deems as taboo or illegal, and especially that of indulgences was what broke the camel’s back. These indulgences, which the church issued so, someone might be forgiven of their sins, was a considerable source of profits by as early as the 1400’s. Luther was vehemently against the trading of relics associated with Saint. He felt it encouraged superstition and pagan thoughts of magic, bringing them further from the true faith of the Christian beliefs.
His belief of having a relationship with god versus developing a relationship with God through a priest made people feel that they could have control over their religious beliefs. Martin Luther’s perception of how a relationship with God should be developed and the misdeeds that he found within the Catholic church destroyed its credibility and resulted in a large portion of Catholics conforming to
Luther thought that the specific act in the Catholic Church of indulgences was wrong so he decided to try to reform the Catholic Church through his own teachings. Martin believed that the act of taking money in return for a promise of eternal happiness with God was wrong. This is what some of the Catholic leaders were doing and as time went on the act of accepting indulgences became greater and greater. Indulgences, in simpler terms, meant a peasant could pay to have his sins forgiven. You could literally, according to the clergy, buy your way out of Hell and/or buy less time in Purgatory!
There were sporadic agrarian uprisings and because the Catholic church was the “center of life”, unrestrained radicalism or any scheme of social defiance was subjected to the moral restraints that the Catholic Church instituted. Consequently, there was a need for someone who could investigate and formulate the principles of this constraint. Modern devotion became customary, this is a proposition confirmed in The Humanities: Culture, Continuity, and Change by Henry M. Sayre. “ ... ... middle of paper ... ...inciples anti the power of the pope was seen to “free the German princes of the same papal tyranny that plagued him,”(Sayre 568). To many commoners autonomy from the Pope predestined liberty from the totalitarian rule.
Religion, laws, or the basic desire of survival can all create these norms, so it suffices to say that as a society, our morals reflect our desire to live in relative peace through the creation of laws that serve to help us to survive. The argument of whether or not religion and politics should mix... ... middle of paper ... ... commonly accepted views of Christianity, but he took them further and attacked the Roman Catholic Church for its undesirable habits and tendencies. His arguments called for a change in the system of the Church as well as how and where they express their power. These arguments served to infuriate the clergy of the Church, and to cause some tension between his homeland Bohemia and other surrounding Catholic states, which after his death culminated in the Thirty Years War13. Jan Hus is correct in his belief that religion, as indicated by the gross misuse of power by the Church in his time, his appeal to Biblical and philosophical works, and the years of strife that resulted from a poor mixing of religion and politics.
Power, piety, zeal, determination are words we can use to define some of the reasons that drove men to establish a war with another race of people, in which little was known. The Crusades are a story as much about the nature of man as they are the nature of politics and religion. The religious reasons led to social and economic ramifications that changed the political landscape forever. We see the Crusades as religious wars but a closer inspection reveals that they were fought for various reasons with Europe’s political, social, and economic order was facing a positive turnaround in at the turn of the century. Expansion was prevalent and, as a result, the economy was improving greatly from the turmoil it had experienced in 900.
Movement away from the church, various people risking their life for the sake of scientific advancement, and new political and humanistic ideologies were established. The Renaissance was a period of discovery, reawakening, and modernization. The church was a stable monument for society, until people began to rebel against their holy word. Society became egocentric and found more selfish ways of living. To be frank, advancement away from the church was not to develop more independency, but because the church deceived its believers.