Voltaire includes Pangloss, Candid... ... middle of paper ... ... get sick in modern society is because of their lavish and greedy lifestyles. Ultimately, Voltaire’s explanation for the existence of human misery proves to be more valid because it is based on instances that he observed in his own life. It is his belief that through reason and education, man can separate himself from the savage whereas Rousseau argues that man is naturally good and becomes corrupted by the institutions that he himself created. Rousseau’s fault lies in the fact that he bases his entire argument off of a theoretical state of nature that he tailors to suit his argument throughout his discourse. Rousseau’s argument is also invalid because what he is proposing is impossible.
In the book, Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury describes the negative ways of how technology could ruin our lives in alternative ways. Technology could create a lifestyle with too much stimulation that no one would has time to think or concentrate. It can rule us and control our mind, but worse, it can replace humanity. Ray Bradbury overall message/opinion of Fahrenheit 451 is how technology is bad for alternatives ways for people. Ray Bradbury thinks the presence of technology creates lifestyle with too much stimulation that makes people do not want to think.
They felt that they would either have to lose their jobs, commit violent acts towards the factory owners who were destroying jobs or to ultimately destroy the equipment itself in order to make it less profitable to throw people out of work. Ultimately they chose property destruction because they believed that “when choosing between machines and people or, more precisely between the capitalist’s machines and their own lives, they had little problem deciding which came first” (Noble, 2015, p. 262). David Noble revealed that the luddites did not destroy machines because of technophobia (afraid of technology), but because
Solutions to Singularity and Industrialization In an attempt to propel the quality and way of life forward by means of efficiency and advancement of technology, industrialization destroys many intrinsic characteristics of society and individual that makes us unique. The good purposes that industrialization intended to set forth is often co-opt by its trade offs. Its effects therefore are diametrically opposed to its original intent. The texts Hard Times by Charles Dickens, Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Modern Times by Chaplin therefore offer critiques and "cures" to the problems of industrialization. Industrialization is terrible because of its singular perspective; it focuses to benefit for only one audience, its creator and beneficiary.
The archetypal situation of nature vs. the mechanistic world often implies that nature is good while society and technology are evil. While technology advances nature suffers as individuals try to always improve society neglecting the consequences of their actions. In fiction and in non-fiction satirical elements expose faults in a society by using humour and exaggeration as a lens through which the world can reflect on itself. The archetype of nature vs. mechanistic world uses satirical aspects to portray technological advances that lead to the obliteration of humanity, nature and social classes. Human flaws and the desire for technological advancement leads to the destruction of humanity.
The World State has also stunted scientific progress believing it will interfere with people 's happiness which is revealed when Mustapha states that "it isn 't only art that 's incompatible with happiness; it 's also science. Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled" (Huxley 231). Mustapha believes that although science is good for progress, it can often reveal facts that are not helpful to one 's happiness. By but restraints on science, Mustapha believes that he is ensuring the happiness of everyone when in fact they are not making room for progress and change. Progress and change are seen as threats to the this totalitarian society and can show people the truth about how bad things really are.
Taking as his target the totalitarian ideologies which had been the product of the industrialization of some of the most autocratic parts of the world, he enhanced the most extreme portions of these systems and diminished any moderating factors in those systems. The critical response to the novel was mixed. It remains a controversial book because of its discussion of sexuality, hallucinogenic drug use and industrial-totalitarianism. English teachers have been fired for assigning it and countries have banned it. Yet its message has only been advanced by its controversy.
A key concept is that technology comes out ahead as the popular idea of the masses. The masses are admittedly dumb, however, proving Kaiser's point that technology is not only destructive, but a self-empowering means to destruction. The Machine Wreckers is similar to the two Gas plays in that there is an idealist who appeals to the people to make more of themselves. Jimmy is killed for his ideals not because they disagree with him, but simply because they are too stupid and emotional to understand him. In the end, however, nothing has changed for them, and the workers have not improved their situation at all.
Through examples of these characters, it is demonstrated that a government that completely controls a nation will fail. Many of the ideas that the governments thought would contribute to success were the cause of their failure. Although technological advances, sexual promiscuity, and conformity contribute to the success of a Utopian society, these aspects are also the reason for downfall. Throughout the novel, Huxley uses Bernard Marx, a young man who is “deformed by the government” (Huxley, page #) to underline the idea that a Utopian Society cannot exist. The advancement of technology has enabled this “Utopian Society” to create human life.
According to Thomas Hobbes, the reason this is the case is because people are selfish and evil and that they protect their interests really well by using certain tactics to make sure other people devastate their needs and wants. Also, without a leader, these people would be very chaotic and attack one another of many things when there isn’t any government in charge. Thomas Hobbes also didn 't support the idea of democracy where the citizens’ were allowed to vote for their government leaders. Due to his idea that people are only trying to promote their self-interests, democracy wouldn’t be a great idea because he wrote that “All mankind is in a perpetual and restless desire for power which can only stop in death,” so giving power to the individual would be creating a dangerous situation which would start a “war of every man against every man, “and life will be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Despite all this, Thomas Hobbes still believed a diverse group of representatives that can present the problems of the common person to king, so prevent them from being cruel and unfair but the monarch has the final