Childhood obesity is an epidemic in the United States. One out of five children in the U.S. are obese. In fact, “Approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese ("Obesity rates among," 2011). The childhood obesity rates have steadily risen since 1980 and many children are now suffering from what were once thought of as adult illnesses, such as elevated cholesterol levels, hypertension, arthritis, and diabetes. Several internal and external factors contribute to childhood obesity; however, many people believe that parents are primarily to blame for obese children and adolescents.
“Children whose BMI exceeds 25-30 kg/m2 are classified as overweight- obese”(Jenvey 810). America, this is a nationwide issue. According to the Centers for Disease Control, nationwide, an estimated thirty two percent of American children ages two to nineteen are overweight, including seventeen who are obese. Childhood obesity is an extraordinary epidemic that can be reduced by parents enforcing restrictions and guidelines on food options by children, informing children of the importance of what they consume, and increasing daily physical activity. Parents are a key factor in a children’s influence or decision on everyday food choices.
In the recent decades, obesity has grown into a major health issue in the United States within young people. With 31 percent of the United States of children being obese, the United States has become the country with the highest rate of obesity in the world. Obesity is not only found among adults, but it is also now found mainly among children and teenagers. The childhood is a very important period for the initiation of obesity especially in this time. Eating practices that children are taught or learn during childhood affects a person later in their life whether they know or not.
There have been studies performed to research the effects of obesity on children and adolescents, which I am going to review. First, let me discuss some statistics that have been measured by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Within the past 30 years, the incidence of obesity among children has doubled and the incidence among adolescents has quadrupled ( Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014). Childhood Obesity Facts (2014) reported that in 2012, more than 1/3 of our youth suffered from being obese or overweight . An imbalance in caloric metabolism is to blame for obesity; however, this imbalance can be due to an assortment of factors (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2014), not just overeating and a lack of exercise.
Children become obese because of various genetic, behavioral and environmental factors. What is childhood obesity? According to the Obesity Action Coalition says, “Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting”. (Obesity Action Coalition)Childhood obesity is caused by juvenile diabetes and that is a leading factor for children between the ages of six through adolescence. Many experts... ... middle of paper ... ...c OneFile.
“Physical Activity and Childhood Obesity:Strategies and Solutions for Schools and Parents.” Education 132.4 Summer 2012: p915-920. Print. Henry, Linda L; Martin, Patricia. “Childhood Obesity: What Can Be Done to Help Todays Youth?” Pediatric Nursing 31.1 Jan./Feb. 2005:13-6.
Childhood obesity has more than triple in the past thirty years (USA, CDC). Because Childhood obesity continuous increase at an alarming rate in America, Pediatric Nurses must work with mainstream society to promote healthy eating, help implement a free class for parent’s to teach their kids on healthier lifestyles, and increase physical activity. Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. It is defined as a body max index (BMI) at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex (USA, CDC: Basics). Childhood obesity will always be a persistence problem because the lack of physical activity, overconsumption of calories due to lack of education.
Childhood obesity is a difficult problem with our growing children today. Childhood obesity not only affect the child, but it also the people around them. Childhood obesity cause serious health issues, from heart disease to diabetes. According to Farhat (2010), twenty years ago there was just a hand full of children that were overweight, mostly because of a hormonal or genetic disorder. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (2013), the number of children aged 6 through11 that were obese, increased from 7 percent in 1980, to nearly 30 percent in 2011.
I will argue that watching television and the presence of food advertisement contribute the growing childhood obesity epidemic by advertising unhealthy food choices, by stimulating increased snacking and by displacing time that could be used for physical activity for television A number of studies discuss the growing rates of childhood obesity. Recent research states that childhood obesity rates have tripled in the past 30 years (Zimmerman & Bell, 2010). A 2013 study showed that in 2011 to 2012, 25.3 percent of children aged 5 to 17 years were overweight and obese (Tseng, Haapala, Hodge & Yngve, 2013). Many research experts suggest that the rates of obesity will continue to grow, which necessitates further examination into the social factors influencing this increase. The literature suggests that the reason for the rise in childhood obesity has a correlation with the amount of time spent watching television food advertisements.
Furthermore, excessive ingestion of soft drinks has been found to negatively affect the rate of obesity with the odds of becoming obese being 1.6 times higher per every soft drink among children (Ludwig, et al, 2001). While there is popular support for policies such as regulating food advertising to children and implementing nutrition base policies in schools, it is important to consider whether there is any empirical evidence that these policies could be effective at getting the desired outcome. What does the empirical evidence suggest and will be enough to address the issue of childhood obesity. This paper focuses on two different a... ... middle of paper ... ...n in a two advertising policy environments. Obesity, 20, 1829-1837.