Cezanne, Lowry and Landscapes

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Cezanne, Lowry and Landscapes


Paul Cezanne, who was the son of a wealthy banker, became a painter in

the 1860s in Paris when he quit his studies of Law. By 1874 he was

painting landscapes in the Impressionist manner and had some of his

work included in their first exhibition held during that very same

year. He painted in the Impressionistic manner, but sheared off in a

different direction to the main body of Impressionist painters. The

main body of Impressionist painters were concerned with the 'fleeting

effects of light and colour', and in order to capture the surface

impression of that moment 'they had to work fluently and quickly'. 's

analysis was far more prolonged and pains-taking; He spent so long

analysing his subjects that some of his work was never finished. began

to be more concerned with the use of colour in modelling objects and

landscape and as a way of expressing their underlying form. The basic

ideas of Cubism have been claimed to be present in his philosophy. His

theory was that the painter could always find the cone, the sphere and

the cylinder in Nature, and that all natural shapes were composed of

these shapes at their most basic form. inherited sufficient wealth to

live in rich seclusion in Provence near Aix. He needed this solitude

or he found it difficult getting on with others: being naturally ill

at ease, neurotically sensitive and suffering from outbursts of

temper. His great contribution to art was to make Impressionism solid:

to restore the careful analysis of form and structure that pervaded

the old masters but to combine this with an intensity of colour and

harmony, full of personal expression. In his landscapes he showed a

deep feeling for the force of nature in each sweeping line and

chopping stroke of the brush, in the intense orange earth against the

clear Provence skies.

Always dissatisfied with his efforts, struggled unceasingly to reveal

the truths of nature. He made many landscape paintings of the area

where he lived and through them he achieved great success even in his

old age. Many of these landscapes like "Route-Tournante" pulse and

glow with his free and painstaking analysis. Part of the vitality of

this picture lies in the loose and patchy technique The effect is

particularly striking in the subtle greens of the trees and the subtle

earth tones. Part of the interest ...

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...riel Decamps, Charles-Emile Jacque, and other minor

landscape and animal painters - e.g Brascassat/Rosa Bonheur.

During the second half of the nineteenth century, the school became

more and more famous - the number of painters in the "school" also


Barbizon was the name of the area in France where members of this

school settled down to paint. Jean-Francois Millet, together with

Theodore Rousseau, became the centre - the nucleus of the Barbizon

community, and the reference point for all the other Barbizonners -

the other members of the Barbizon school. Millet settled down in

Barbizon in 1849.

has often been described as the initiator of the Impressionist

movement, and indeed he did develop many of the ideas that we saw in

the movement as it developed. It could be said that Lowry painted

landscape in an Impressionist fashion as well, as his pictures are

painted in such a way as to make the viewer aware of the message

behind the picture rather than the actual picture which has been

depicted using brushstrokes from a man of incredible painting skill. A

painting by has been included with this essay, along with a

reproduction of one of Lowry's pictures.
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