Cerebrovascular Accident Case Study

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Cerebrovascular Accident: Attack of the Brain
Emily Kembro
DEH 2804
October 24, 2014
Gulf Coast State College

Cerebrovascular Accident: Attack of the Brain

Cerebrovascular accident can be termed numerous things: cardiovascular accident, CVA, stroke, brain attack and many others. The most common name for a cerebrovascular accident is “stroke.” A cerebrovascular accident can occurs when, “the blood supply to the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures” (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The detrimental damage of a stroke happens when the brain is deprived of blood supply or bleeding into the brain tissues, causing cell death (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The etiological factors, predisposing factors, medical management, and specifically dental management are important information when analyzing the severity and recovery of a stroke;
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Etiology is broken down due to the cause of the stroke, either ischemic or hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke, meaning the lessening of blood flow, can be broken down into two subcategories: thrombosis or embolism. An ischemic stroke caused by a thrombosis which is “a clot within a blood vessel of the brain or neck closes or occludes the vessel and shuts off the oxygen supply to the portion of the brain supplied by that vessel…” (Wyche, p. 890). An ischemic stroke caused by an embolism is “ a blood vessel is blocked by a clot or other material carried through the circulation from another part of the body” (Wyche, p. 890). A hemorrhagic stroke is caused when “a cerebral blood vessel may rupture and bleed into the brain tissues” (Wyche, p. 890). Ischemic strokes make up the majority of strokes that occur, but hemorrhagic strokes are more lethal- fatality is often the outcome of a hemorrhagic stroke (American Stroke Association, 2013). Along with the etiological factors are predisposing

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