The Role of the Neurologist: The role of the Neurologist is to diagnose and come up with a plan of action for the patient, depending on what is wrong with the patient. The Neurologist can order test for the patient to see what is wrong and what needs to be done. These tests can include but are not limited to blood test, CT scan, or MRI scan. The Neurologist works with the Neurosurgeon and instructs him or her on what to do during the surgery. Patient can get referred to Neurologist for many reasons but most often the patient symptoms are intracranial pressure (headaches) and/ or dizzy spells.
A clinical neuropsychologist uses behavioral, cognitive, neurological, physiological, and psychological principles to test and evaluate the patient’s behavioral, neurocognitive, and emotional strengths and weaknesses (http://nanonline.org/content/text/paio/defneuropsych.shtm). The neuropsychologist also compares the patient’s relationship to normal and abnormal central nervous system functioning. Then the clinical neuropsychologist uses this information along with information provided from other healthcare and/or medical providers to identify and diagnose neurobehavioral disorders. After identifying and diagnosing the patient, the clinical neuropsychologist will plan and implement intervention strategies. Patient Himself or Herself Just ventral to the thalamus, near the base of the brain is where the hypothalamus is located.
(Davi-Ellen Chabner The Language of Medicine 10th edition) Aphasia is recognized by a neurologist physician who treats a person for their brain injury. The physician usually performs test that requires the patient to follow commands, answer questions, name objects, and carry on a conversation. If the patient has Aphasia they are reffered to a speech-language pathologist, who tests the persons communication abilities. Such as the ability to speak, converse socially, understand language, express ideas, read and write, and the ability to swallow and use alternative and arguementive communication. (www.medicinenet.com) There are different types of Aphasia which can cause mild to severe impairement.
In order to distinguish this disease from other diseases, the following examinations and diagnostic tests are done: physical and neurological exams, neuropsychological testing, and brain imaging, and lab testing. In a physical and neurological exam, the physician would test the individual for reflexes, muscle strength, coordination, balance and the ability to see and hear. In lab testing, the physician may be able to distinguish other conditions, which also cause problems such as memory loss and confusion. For instance, the physician can eliminate conditions such as thyroid disorders and any vitamin deficiencies, since they are susceptible to causing memory loss or confusion. Furthermore, physicians recommend patients to participate in neuropsychological testing because it can give greater detail about how their brain functions.
A portable Computed Tomography (CT) is used to manage and diagnose CNS diseases, and acute brain injuries, in the Neuroscience ICU (NICU), for example, Traumatic Brain Injuries(TBI), acute strokes, (transient ischemic attack) TIA’s, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). CT studies are an important component in the assessment and management of patients with brain injuries. The portable device is designed specifically for head and neck scans for critically ill patients that are at risk for complications and increased morbidity during intrahospital transportation. Researchers have studied and found evidence that substantiates that intrahospital transport of patients with SAH or brain injuries can affect their outcomes. Many hospital protocols dictate the use of portable head CT (pHCT) scanners to monitor and assess critically ill patients in the NICU, to decrease negative effects of intrahospital transportation on patient outcomes.
Normally, a physician will ask about past medical conditions, surgical operations, and substance abuse before proceeding with any tests. (Multiple Sclerosis Foundation). There are also neurological examinations that can show other signs of MS, one being an MRI. By using an MRI, it is possible to show lesions in the brain and spinal cord that may be causing the symptoms (MS Focus). Evoked potential tests are also used to help diagnose MS by measuring electrical activity in specific parts of the brain while also showing whether MS has impacted the sensory, visual, or auditory pathways (Cleveland Clinic).
Introduction The brain pacemaker is an interesting invention of the modern technology, it is a medical device that is fixed into the brain to send electroshock signals into the targeted tissues of the brain. This device is used to treat patients who suffer from Epilepsy, it controls their seizures, and helps Parkinson's disease patients better control their movements. Parkinson's disease affects the way you move. It happens when there is a problem with certain nerve cells in the brain. Plus, it treats major depression.
Another type of psychologist is a health psychologist. Health psychologists, along with clinical psychologists, determine the difference between medical complaints and psychological factors. They help their patients cope with surgery, adjust to medical problems that they may face, and help treat people with medical problems that are related to psychological and emotional factors (Psyris). Health psychologists also help their patients who have suffered from substance abuse or teenage pregnancy (Bureau of Labor Statistics). The next career of psychology to choose from is a neuropsychologist.
She also reports lancinating pain with extension or rotation to the right of her head. There are several tests and measure that can be done in a physical therapy examination in order to rule out certain diagnoses, as well as come closer to a physical therapy diagnosis. First, an observation of the patient standing, walking, and sitting should be done in order to associate any visible deficits in the patient that could be associated to the ... ... middle of paper ... ... hypothesis and use tests and measures to confirm that hypothesis or bring them in a new direction to find a diagnosis. This patient reported symptoms that suggested cervical radiculopathy, and the special tests that were mentioned had the ability to indicate that this hypothesis is likely the case, or show that other pathologies must be considered. Works Cited Dutton, M. (2012).
As a professional I act as the primary care provider for patients with chronic neurological problems and as a consultant to other physicians who have clients suspected of having a condition involving the nervous system (Life NPH, n.d.). A neurological examination allows me to effectively diagnose the condition of the patient and suggest appropriate treatment options. I first review the patient's health history with special attention to the current condition. A patient suspected of having a disorder of the nervous system will be subjected to a general neurological examination which includes testing of eye movement and pupil reaction, hearing, reflexes, balance and coordination, sense of touch, sense of smell, facial muscle functioning, gag reflex, head movement, mental status, abstract thinking, and memory (Malhi, 2000). A full neurological examination is generally administered, despite any preconceived opinions of a patient’s potential ailment, in order to illustrate the condition as clearly as possible and rule out any alternative diagnosis.