Censorship Case Study

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Definitions of Censorship:

Censorship is the act of curbing free speech, silencing an individual or a group's voice prior restraint of unwanted expression

Censorship : the "direct control" of expression by the state (Post, 1998:4).

Censorship & Intolerance:

Having control over the media for communicating ideas has a great potential for attaining power (Gibbons, 1998:35). For this reason, the state attempts to secure its position/power by impeding freedom of speech through the act of suppressing a particular line of discussion it deems 'subversive, dangerous or immoral' (Gavison, 1998:43). The content of speech that the state is inclined to censor is anything that relates to public …(ibid).

The content of speech that the
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Suharto's governance embargoed
In order to prove this point (government curbs freedom of speech to secure its power), Santoso (cited in Gargan, 1996), president of Alliance of Independent Journalists? observed that the Government prohibits journalists from writing about the succession of Suharto, his family and business activities, and the role of the military in the Government.

Censorship regulations were mobilized as a way to deter publications from challenging/ criticizing (the authority) of New Order, especially any discourse that can be identified as leftist either by its content or author's political associations (Sen and Hill, 2007). Suharto was an authority figure who could not be criticized (Kakiailatu, 2007:63-64). Criticisms towards government policies, reporting on corruption other unlawful acts is considered as an offence which result in sanctions (ibid).
Vatikiotis (1998:107) points out a defining characteristic of the New Order government is covering their secrets by accentuating on the positive (news) and suppressing any dark/negative
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There are many risks in expressing unorthodox views [

The Press Law of1966 (UU No.11/1966) provides that "no censorship or bridling shall be applied to the National Press" (Article 4) and calls on the press to "fight for truth and justice based on the freedom of the Press" (Article). A caveat to this freedom exists in Article 11, however, which contains the proviso that "publications conflicting with Pancasila, such as those inspired by Communism/Marxism-Leninism are forbidden." (The press under siege, 1994:6).

(The press under siege, 1994:4) Article 28 of Indonesia's 1945 Constitution (Indonesia's independence proclamation year) provides that "freedom of speech and of the Press and similar freedoms shall be provided by the law". In practice, however, severe restrictions exist on freedom of speech. The Anti Subversion Law is one of the most repressive measures used by the government to imprison critics. Its broad provisions allow for the imprisonment, or even judicial execution, of anyone deemed by the government to have disturbed public order or been critical of the state
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