This was illustrated with the Caste War, a string of many battles that were waged between the Maya and the Spanish over rights and land in the Yucatán area of Mexico, starting in 1847. Regionalism also affected the United States. The size and composition of states influenced the drafting of the constitution. The smaller states, along the East Coast, feared that their say would be repressed by larger states. The states and western territori... ... middle of paper ... ...ves are as responsible for their oppression as those who oppress them.
The impact of American expansion has turned upon the Indians and confronted them with social and economic crises never before experienced. As a result, many tribes torn apart, in many cases extinct, and their identity was lost. Indians also lost their original lands as a result of direct and indirect contact with the Europeans. The whites wanted more lands for their developments, and because of this greed, they created direct policies to clear the Indians off their lands. For example, one form of direct policy that the whites used to rob Indians of their lands was by signing treaties.
(Gibson 72) An extremely Christianized view of the natives was formed which viewed them as ignorant pagans. Some accounts reported that, “The natives were so savage and stupid as to be beyond belief. For the say, these early tribes were bestial, and that many ate human flesh; others taking their mothers and daughters for their wives, besides committing other great sins, having much intercourse with the devil, who they served and held in high esteem”(Hanson 29). This extremely biased thinking was common in the era of colonization among settled Europeans and sparked a crusade of Christianity on the aboriginal tribes to “westernize” their civilizations. The Europeans felt free to do this because they “found no native tradition worth preserving and where the Indian element was absorbed almost imperceptibly into the alien” (Salas 42).
For me, this decision is extremely hard because I found myself going back and forth. After lots of thought and research, I've made my decision and I believe that the Spanish are more savage and the Aztecs are more civil. "How did the Spanish and the Aztecs get involved with each other?" You may ask. It all started with the Spanish conquest against the Aztec Empire in 1518.
Many Pueblo Indians were converted under the threat of death, giving the Spanish a false sense of success in their ability to subjugate the native people. Spanish leaders and priests were either oblivious or uncaring to the discontent of the Pueblo, allowing dissention to grow right under their noses. The Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which occurred in present day New Mexico, saw 20 Pueblo villages unite to rise up against the Spanish, who had been colonizing the area, and at the time was the biggest Native American victory over European colonizers. Much of the reason for this rebellion can be traced back to Spain’s misunderstanding of Pueblo life, and their belief in their own superiority, as well as the Pueblo’s desires to hold on to their ancient traditions, and to renounce the Catholic doctrine that had often seen them abused. Understanding either side’s views of the other can help one to understand what lead up to this revolt.
I will be discussing the fact that the profound problems which characterize the “Indian Problem” now are a direct result of the actions taken in response to previous conceptions of the “Indian Problem.” The “Indian Problem” emerged as an issue for white settlers who perceived Indians as savages, as a sub-human race. Because white settlers viewed Indians this way, they thought it was okay to use excessive military force. Through 19th century, this military force was used to conquer Indians and move them from their native lands and resettle them. Sicknesses that the white settlers had brought with them devastated the Indian population because Indians had not encountered these illnesses before, and they had no natural immunity to them. Additionally, white-Indian relations seem as though they were fragile from the start, perhaps with both sides over-reacting at times.
Like salt on an open wound, the revealed horrors replace the horror stories of the past. The injustices that continue throughout this hemisphere, and in the remaining places in the world where indigenous peoples survive are for the most part, unknown. Over and over again the Indians have been forced to struggle with the evil to preserve their rights, culture, environment and people. One question arises-why are there still conflicts concerning the indigenous people still a threat in today’s’ highly “advanced” society? Unfortunately, the scars of these injustices are ever present and are reopened again and again through more betrayal by the government(s).
These Europeans were likely aware of their encroachment, but neglected it as often nothing was immediately done. Yet the Powhatan massacre showed that Native Americans were very upset by these newcomers upon their lands. “Powhatans targeting of the outlying settlements for the main brunt of the attack may provide the “text” of the lesson- that the English should remain within their proper area,” . This sort of retaliation would have made the Powhatans believe that the Europeans would realize their transgressions and not move further into Native American territory. Thus, from the beginning of European arrival on the North American continent, the Europeans took land from others, and were soon after punished for it.
Differing ideas regarding what it meant to live on the land and what was the proper way to treat gave way to forceful takeovers by the Spanish with millions of Native Americans dead. Religious differences between the two helped the Spanish to justify why they were subjugating Native Americans and religious misjudgments made by the Native Americans made it easier for the Spanish to domineer over them. Misjudgments regarding the mental and physical fortitude of the Native Americans also made the Spanish more eager to engage the Native Americans, but as time went on they would see that the battle would not be so easily won. These early differences and misjudgments would have a lasting negative impact on the relations that not only the Spanish had with Native Americans, but also the rest of Europe set on traveling across the sea to the new foreign
Forced conversion has always been a problem. Christianity has spread through violence dating back to fourth century Rome. (Kwon, 2014) Patricia Limerick describes the effect of one such Christian interaction in her essay “Haunted America.” Europeans did not come to kill the natives, rather violence ensued because the natives refused to convert to the European religion and way of life. This meant the Europeans saw them as wrong and savages. By trying to modernize Native Americans missionaries created divisions not only between Europeans and Natives, but also between natives as communities were split between those who agreed to convert and those who defended their ways; creating even more conflict.