Causes of World War I

Better Essays
The first World War lasted four years, from 1914 to 1918. It was the most destructive War that had ever happened in History. It killed about 8½ million people and wounded 20 million more! It destroyed empires and economies and changed the whole of Europe. How had this happened? There are many reasons that contributed to the outbreak of War. There were long and short term causes. These included rivalry between Germany and Britain, tension in Austria-Hungary and Franco Prussian Empire. The assassination at Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Countess Sophie, heir to Austria-Hungarian Throne by a Bosnian Serb was just one cause - the spark that set alight the tensions of Europe at the beginning of the 20th Century.

Some of the reasons were: Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances and the assassination of Archduke France Ferdinand.

One big role that played in the start of World War I was allies. Allies are a group of countries who will protect each other from whoever wants to attack. They will support each other and fight together. There were two main allies: Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy, who called themselves: The triple Alliance and Russia, Britain and France, who called themselves: The triple Entente. At first, there was only the Entente Cordiale, which included France and Britain, but then Russia wanted to join so they made the Triple Entente. So it’s like a circle. This affected the war because lets say Germany attacks France, then Britain will say: “Hey wait a minute, this is my allie so you have to fight against me too.” Then Austria-Hungary comes and says: “Well Germany is my allie so you have to fight against me first.” Then Russia and Italy come along and say: “They are our allies so we will prot...

... middle of paper ...

...y encouraged media against Austria-Hungary. Also, Austria-Hungary had two demands for Serbia:

1. They wanted them to stop condemn this “dangerous propaganda” and

2. They wanted to send Austria-Hungary people to Serbia because they wanted power and to have control

Serbia accepted but this was not enough for Austria-Hungary.

Just after that, on the 26th of July, Russia promises help for Serbia and began to get ready for War. Then, finally Austria-Hungary declares War on Serbia on the 28th of July. Germany begins to get scared because Russians mobilization because they’re planed depended on Russia being slow by getting ready for war. Their plans were to attack France, by using Belgium. On the 1st of August, Germany declared War on Russia and two days later, on the 3rd of August, Germany declares War on France. Only a day later, Britain declares War on Germany.