The reparations chapter of the Treaty of Versailles was universally condemned in Germany. Article 231, a proclamation of German guilt, had been inserted to establish Germany’s moral responsibility for the war and, therefore, her legal responsibility for all damage to property and persons and was disliked because of the War Guilt clause it contained. Germany, prepared for military conquest by Hitler, remilitarized the Rhineland in violation of the Locarno Pact. The League of Nations failed to react firmly either to this or to the conquest of Ethiopia by Italy under Mussolini. The Second World War was indeed one of the greatest conflicts in history.
The Treaty of Versailles triggered a chain of events causing World War II, and the Holocaust. After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles was put into place for peace. Germany was forced to sign the treaty between the Allies. The Allies wanted to make Germany “pay” for all the damage committed during World War I (treaty). Germany had to give up the territory it had acquired in the war.
Those injustices provided the perfect arena for the National Socialists, or Nazis, to rise to power in Germany, and inevitably started World War II. The process of drafting the Treaty of Versailles had questionable methods which aid in explaining some of the problems it caused. On November 11, 1918, Matthias Erzberger, the Secretary of State for Germany, agreed to an armistice with the Allied Powers to bring an end to World War I (Buchanan 70). Germany signed the cease-fire under the belief that the terms of the peace they agreed to would look similar to then-US President Wilson’s proposed fourteen points (Buchanan 107). Wilson’s plan for the treaty encouraged Europe to abandon the grievances the war brought and did not harshly punish Germany as the defeated nation (Stevenson 194).
Field, Frank. British and French Operations of the First World War. Cambridge (England); New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
WWII DBQ World War II was caused by the Treaty of Versailles because Germany had taken the blame for all of the damage after WW1. The name for Germany taking all the blame is War guilt clause. As shown in the maps of Europe in 1914 and 1928 from (doc 1) after World War 1, they (Germany) lost land. Then in 1924 Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Romania became part of Russia. Since Germany had lost lad after WW1 and had taken up the blame, they did become bitter with the French.
This illustrates the power that the National Socialist had in keeping individuality restrained for the “good” of the community. National Socialism between 1933 through 1945 was a breakdown of individualism. The Nazi control of German unified a country, while tearing apart a world. The reasons for the rise of this totalitarian state are vast, but closely linked together. Through the disgrace of the First World War, and the desperateness of Germany to find a scapegoat, millions of lives were taken for the “common good” of the Aryan race in Germany.
Crew, David F. Hitler and the Nazis: A History in Documents. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Goebbels, Joseph. Goebbels Diaries 1942-1943. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1948.
Another reason was the Treaty of Versailles. This was the treaty that was signed at the end of World War 1. This treaty outlined the rules that Germany must follow because of their defeat by Britain and France. Many Germans were angered by the treaty, for most of the rules in the treaty were unfair and Germany lost a great amount of wealth. However, One of the cruelest reasons for the war was Hitler's racist hate for Jews.
New York: Routledge, 1987. Polenberg, Richard, ed. America at War: the Home Front, 1941-1945. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. War and Society: the United States 1941-1945.
Harrison, M. (2000). The economics of World War II: Six great powers in international comparison. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. O'Brien, K. P., & Parsons, L. H. (1995). The home-front war: World War II and American society.