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In recent years a great deal of attention has been centered on youth violence. Numerous studies have been conducted on children of all races who are subjected to gun violence. However, violent behaviors start from within the environment where children have been exposed too. Household, poor communities and school as well have put children at risk. Yet the problems of violence relatively are increasing according to Children’s Defense fund that gets their information from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, and other government statistics.
Children tend to be the unintended victims of domestic violence, with not much emphasis on the word ‘unintended’ because there are times when the violence is not just directed towards the parent, but the child or children in the home, especially if the child happens to come to the aid of the abused parent and - intentionally or unintentionally - gets hurt in the process. This is when it really becomes physical child abuse and not only that, exposure to violence almost always carries emotional consequences for children. Children's exposure to intrafamilial violence has been linked with increased aggression, fighting, "meanness," and generally disruptive behavior, depression and more negative self-concept ("Violence, Children's Exposure to"). Studies have shown that both witnessing and/or being a victim of domestic violence may put children at risk for increased anxiety and depressive symptoms ("Violence, Children's Exposure to"). As a result of the emotional and behavioral effects brought on by such abuse, children are more prone to becoming sad and anti-social, suffer from depression and anxiety, and resort to violence due to uncontrollable anger and aggression where they sometimes inflict self-hurt.
There is emotional abuse or neglect which is when a person puts down a child or fails to give adequate love and attention. And lastly there is sexual abuse which is ‘any unwanted inappropriate sexual contact’ done to a child, by a parent, guardian, relative, or other individual (Types of Child Abuse). Not one type of abuse is worse than the other, and they all can hurt a child emotionally and physically. Child abuse is not just beatings and bruises, it can have long lasting effects on children’s lives; children who have been abused can experience physiological issues, health problems, and relationship problems later in life. Children can experience many different psychological issues after being abused.
The most intimidating factor of this massive increase in violent behavior is that nobody really knows why it is happening. Youths are simply becoming more violent. Researchers in child psychology are trying to find the leading causes of violence, but simply cannot—a child or young adult can easily have his or her mind influenced by a number of outside factors. One's peers may make any measurable change in how a child behaves, leading the child to act in a more violent or aggressive manner to fit in. A youth may be influenced by his or her environment, whether it is poor and obtrusive enough to lead the youth to begin making poor lifestyle decisions or positive to the point the youth begins rebelling by lashing out.
After many studies researchers have confirmed that when children are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) it significantly effects their social emotional development (Hughes & Chau, 2013; Herman-Smith, 2013). This raises a concern; if IPV was to be measured emotional abuse should children be removed from their families. If we consider that the majority of children that witness IPV are under six and would not be able to fully understand what is happening we can conclude that they would not be able to report their maltreatment (Hughes & Chau, 2013). If either partner also chooses not to report the abuse it may continue and it would impact the child; the child could experience mental and behavioral problems. Therefore programs should be introduced to care givers that are dealing with aggression problems so that they can understand that their temperament and actions do affect their children both directly and indirectly.
Dome... ... middle of paper ... ... NCBI. (2007, December 1). Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: I. Overview and Issues. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2811337/ NSW. (2002, September 24).
Retrieved March 22, 2011 from www.familyviolence.alberta.ca Bragg, H. (2003). Child Protection in Families Experiencing Domestic Violence. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Black, S. & Dempsey, S. & Davis, M. (2010). Practitioner- Recommended Policies and Procedures for Children Exposed to Domestic Violence.
Depression and post traumatic stress disorder are two of the main illnesses seen in children after being exposed to domestic violence. Among depression and post traumatic stress disorder, there are multiple sub-categories to help place the severity of the disorder. Many influences can change the severity of a disorder in the child including but not limited to: length of exposure, type of exposure, and time-lapse since the exposure. Domestic violence is defined as violence between members of a household such as that of a married couple or a parent to one’s child. Some cases of domestic violence can just be through witnessing while some of the more scarring events occur directly to the child.